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Journal of Indian Academy of Forensic Medicine
Year : 2010, Volume : 32, Issue : 1
First page : ( 31) Last page : ( 33)
Print ISSN : 0971-0973. Online ISSN : 0974-0848.

Burns during Pregnancy: A Socio-Cultural Disease

Ghaffar Usama B.*Assistant Professor, Akhter N., Assistant Professor, Faruqui T.H., Professor & Chairman, Rizvi Shameem J, Professor & Chairman

* Department of Forensic Medicine, Era Medical College & Hospital, Lucknow. ubghaffar@gmail.com

Abstract

Burns during pregnancy poses a serious threat to the life of baby, as well as to the mother. More severely it is associated with various social and economical problems, as well as associated with illiteracy and poverty which many cases complicate its prevention. Burns during pregnancy influence maternal as well as foetal outcome. Keeping this in view a comprehensive task was undertaken to assess the maternal and foetal outcome in relation to burn extent and gestational age of foetus.

A total of thirty two cases of burn females with pregnancy were analyzed. There were 23 maternal and 26 foetal deaths. Percentage of abortion during the third trimester was highest. Rate of maternal mortality increased with percentage of Total Body Surface Area (TBSA) burnt. Maximum incidence of maternal mortality rate was with cases of burns involving more than 50% TBSA.

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Keywords

Pregnant Females, TBSA, Maternal Mortality, Life of Foetus, Gestational Age, Burn, Socio-economic Disease, Thermal Injury, Rule of Nine, Dying Declaration.

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