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Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology
Year : 2002, Volume : 19, Issue : 1
First page : ( 25) Last page : ( 30)
Print ISSN : 0971-1929.

Dynamics of road-traffic fatalities in Chandigarh – ‘A surprise’

Sharma B. R., Reader, Harish Dasari, Sr. Lecturer, Sharma Vivek, Demonstrator, Vij Krishan, Prof. & Head

Department of Forensic Medicine, Govt. Medical College, Sector 32, Chandigarh - 160047, INDIA.

Abstract

The present study, carried out in the department of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology at Govt. Medical College & Hospital, Sector 32, Chandigarh, India was aimed at studying the various parameters of the road traffic fatalities on Chandigarh roads, with a view to suggest a role model for bringing down the rate of vehicular accidents and accidental deaths in other places.

During the period of study; 1994–2000, 1885 autopsies were performed at the Department. Deaths due to road traffic accidents comprised 42.18% (795) of these cases.

The study revealed a steep decrease in the percentage of deaths due to road traffic accidents, from 59.50% to 32.10%. Young adults of the age group 21–30 years, were the major victims, 270 (33.96%). Males were involved in 643 (80.88%) deaths. 335 (42.14%) victims were pedestrians, followed by two-wheeler users - 312 (39.15%). Buses were the most common offending vehicles, 210 (26.42%), followed by cars, 156 (19. 62%). 490 (61.63%) people died within 24 hours of the accident and head injury was the most common cause of death, 568 (71.45%).

A continuing decrease in the rate and a persistent increase in the female fatalities following road traffic accidents, were concluded.

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Keywords

unnatural deaths, road-traffic fatalities, accident rate, female preponderance, changing trends.

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