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International Journal of Technology
Year : 2016, Volume : 6, Issue : 2
First page : ( 123) Last page : ( 132)
Print ISSN : 2231-3907. Online ISSN : 2231-3915.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2231-3915.2016.00020.1

Triple-diffusive Convection in a Micropolar Rotating Ferrofluid

Kango S. K.1,*, Sharma Sanjay2, Chadha Kalpna3

1Government College, Barsar, (Hamirpur)-174305, Himachal Pradesh, India

2Government College, Darang, (Mandi), Himachal Pradesh, India

3Government College, Sujanpur, (Hamirpur), Himachal Pradesh, India

*Corresponding Author Email: skkango72@gmail.com

Online published on 2 February, 2017.


This paper deals with the theoretical investigation of the triple-diffusive convection in a micropolar ferrofluid layer heated and soluted below subjected to a transverse uniform magnetic field in the presence of uniform vertical rotation. For a flat fluid layer contained between two free boundaries, an exact solution is obtained. A linear stabilityanalysis theory and normal mode analysis method have been carried out to study the onset convection. The influence of various parameters like rotation, solute gradients, and micropolar parameters (i.e. coupling parameter, spindiffusion parameter and micropolar heat conduction parameter) has been analyzed on the onset of stationary convection. The critical magnetic thermal Rayleigh number for the onset of instability is also determined numerically for sufficiently large value of buoyancy magnetization parameter M1(ratio of the magnetic to gravitational forces). The principle of exchange of stabilities is found to hold true for the micropolar fluid heated from below in the absence of micropolar viscous effect, microinertia, solute gradient and rotation. The oscillatory modes are introduced due to the presence of the micropolar viscous effect, microinertia, solute gradient and rotation, which were non-existent in their absence.



Triple-diffusive convection, Micropolar ferrofluid, Solute gradient, Vertical magnetic field, Rotation, Magnetization.


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