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Instructions for authors

The Indian Journal of Small Ruminants (IJSR) is a peer-reviewed journal published at six-monthly interval by the Indian Society for Sheep and Goat Production and Utilization (ISSGPU). The aim and scope of the journal is to disseminate knowledge in research, development, education and transfer of technology on diverse aspects of sheep, goat and rabbit production and utilization. The IJSR accepts research contribution in the form of review article, research paper or short communications for publication. The authors are requested to be life members of the ISSGPU.

Review Articles are either submitted or invited for publication in IJSR. The article should be comprehensive with introduction, status of research in frontier areas with broad headlines, lacunae in research, possible scope for future work, brief summary followed by references. It should cover in detail the “State-of-art scientific research” on any subject of active research interest falling within the scope of the IJSR. The manuscript should be approximately of 20 printed pages of IJSR.

Research Paper should report the results of an original research not previously published elsewhere, except in a preliminary form. The manuscript should be organized as per the format of the journal and should be approximately of 5 to7 printed pages of IJSR.

A Short Communication should be concise but complete description of a limited scientific investigation or a unique case report. The manuscript should be written as a running matter with no headlines (such as introduction, material and methods, results and discussion) but it should be complete in itself with a summary in the end. The summary should be clear and not longer than 150 words. It should be reproducible in abstracting journals. The summary should state briefly and specifically what the paper reports, summarizes conclusion, point out new information and indicate the relevance of the work. Short Communications may be submitted to the journal as such, or may result from a request to condense a regular paper, during the peer review process. The manuscript should be approximately of 2 to 4 printed pages of IJSR.

Submission of manuscripts

The manuscript for publication should be submitted in duplicate and in electronic form to “The Editor, Indian Journal of Small Ruminants, Central Sheep and Wool Research Institute, Avikanagar, via Jaipur, Rajasthan-304 501, India”. Submission of an article in IJSR is understood to imply that the article is original and is not being considered for publication elsewhere. Submission of manuscript in IJSR also implies that all the authors have approved the paper for publication and are in agreement with its content. The authors will be required to fill the Author Agreement Form and submit it along with the hard copy.

Preparation of manuscripts

The manuscripts submitted to IJSR should be written in clear and grammatically correct English (in MS Word document, Times New Roman font (font size 12) and printed in double space (except tables) in A4 size bond paper. International system of units (SI) should only be used for preparation of manuscripts. All the pages of the manuscript should be serially numbered.

Authors should follow the rules governing biological nomenclature, as laid down in the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature, the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria, and the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. All biotica (crops, plants, insects, birds, mammals, etc.) should be identified by their scientific names when the English term is first used, with the exception of common domestic animals. Use generic names for identification of biocides, active ingredients of formulations and other organic compounds when first used in the text. Scientific names that have abbreviations must be spelled out on first occurrence in the text with abbreviation in parenthesis and thereafter use only abbreviation. For chemical nomenclature, the conventions of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry and the official recommendations of the IUPAC-IUB Combined Commission on Biochemical Nomenclature should be followed.

Manuscripts in general should be organized in the following order:

• Title (Should be clear, descriptive and not too long)

• Short running title (Should be approximately of 30–35 characters)

• Name(s) of author(s)

• Complete postal address of affiliations

• Current postal and e-mail address of the corresponding author

• Abstract:

The abstract should be clear, descriptive and not longer than 300 words. It should be reproducible in abstracting journals. The abstract should state briefly and specifically what the paper reports, summarizes conclusion, point out new information and indicate the relevance of the work.

• Key words (indexing terms), normally 4–6 at the end of Abstract.

• Introduction

It should acquaint the reader with the subject and justify the objective(s) of the research. There should be clear description of the nature of the problem, reports on previous research by others in the field of the study, gaps in research and the hypothesis addressed in the present study.

• Material and Methods

It must contain enough information to understand the experimental design, treatment, procedure, response variables and statistical method followed in the study. Materials should be named specifically, including the manufacturer, city and state or country where the equipment or supplies were obtained. Descriptions of animals should include species, breed, sex, and age as well as husbandry methods, climate and geographic attributes of the study.

• Results and discussion

It must contain sufficient information to fully describe the outcome of the research. The tables and figures should be self-explanatory without referring to the text and not be used for presentation of the same data in text. The principles, relationships, and general truths shown by the results should be presented without retelling the results if at all possible. Exceptions or lack of correlation should be pointed out and unsettled points defined. Agreement or disagreement with previous work should be shown. The theoretical or practical implications of the work should be discussed followed by brief conclusion derived from the study.

• Acknowledgments

Any additional information regarding technical assistance or research grants provided for the study.

• References

All publications cited in the text should conform to those cited in the World List of Scientific Periodicals. References should be written indicating the author’s name, year of publication followed by the title of referred paper (or the book), volume and the page number. The manuscript should be carefully checked to ensure that the spelling of author's names and year are exactly the same in the text as in the reference list.

In the case of publications in any language other than English, the original title is to be retained. However, the titles of publications in non-Latin alphabets should be transliterated, and a notation such as “(in Russian)” or “(in Greek, with English abstract)” should be added. Work accepted for publication but not yet published should be referred to as “in press”. References concerning unpublished data and “personal communications” should not be cited in the reference list but may be mentioned in the text.

References should be arranged in an alphabetical order using the following style:

a. For articles published in research journals:

Stear, M.J., Henderson, N.G., Kerr, A., McKellar, Q.A., Mitchell, S. Seeley, C. and Bishop, S.C. 2002. Eosinophilia as a marker of resistance to Teladorsagia circumcincta in Scottish Blackface lambs. Parasitology 124: 553–560.

Davis, G.H., Galloway, S.M., Ross, I.K., Gregan, S.M., Ward, J., Nimbkar, B.V., Ghalsasi, P.M., Nimbkar, C., Gray, G.D., Subandriyo, Inounu, I., Tiesnamurti, B., Martyniuk, E., Eythorsdottir, E., Mulsant, P., Lecerf, F., Hanrahan, J.P., Bradford, G.E. and Wilson, T. 2002. DNA tests in prolific sheep from eight countries provide new evidence on origin of the Booroola (FecB) mutation. Biology of Reproduction 66: 1869–1874.

b. For articles published in scientific proceedings:

Nimbkar, C., Ghalsasi P. M., Ghatge R. R. and Gray G. D. 1998. Establishment of prolific Garole sheep from West Bengal in the semi-arid Deccan Plateau of Maharashtra. In: Proceedings of the 6th World Congress on Genetics Applied to the Livestock Production, Armidale, pp. 257–260.

Raadsma, H.W., Maragawati, E.T., Piedrafita, D., Estuningsih, E., Widjajanti, S., Beriajaya, Subandriyo, Thomson, P. and Spitthil, T.S. 2002. Towards molecular genetic characterization of high resistance to internal parasites in Indonesian thin tail sheep. In: Proceedings of 7th World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production, Montpeller, August 19–23, Castanet-Tolosan, France, Communication No. 13–19.

c. For chapters published in books

Piper, L.R. and Bindon, B.M. 1996. The Booroola Merino. In: Prolific sheep. M. H. Fahmi. (Ed.), CAB International, Wallingford, UK, pp. 152–160.

Turner, H.N .1982. Origins of the CSIRO Booroola. In: Piper, L. R., Bindon, B. M. and Nethery, R. D. (Eds.), The Booroola Merino. CSIRO, Australia, pp. 1–7.

• Tables

All the tables should be referred to in the text by consecutive Arabic numerals (Table 1, Table 2, etc.) and large tables should be avoided. If many data are to be presented, an attempt should be made to divide them over two or more tables. Tables should be numbered according to their sequence in the text. The text should include references to all tables. Each table should have a brief and self-explanatory title. Column headings should be brief, but sufficiently explanatory. Standard abbreviations of units of measurement should be added between parentheses. Any explanation essential to the understanding of the table should be given as a brief footnote at the bottom of the table.

• Figure captions

Authors should provide all illustrations as separate files, preferably in TIFF or JPEG format with captions to each illustration. Photographs are only acceptable if they have good contrast, intensity and are glossy.

The authors can enquire status of their manuscript by corresponding with The Editor, IJSR by post or through E-mail (

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