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Indian Journal of Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy - An International Journal
Year : 2013, Volume : 7, Issue : 2
First page : ( 234) Last page : ( 238)
Print ISSN : 0973-5666. Online ISSN : 0973-5674.
Article DOI : 10.5958/j.0973-5674.7.2.047

Correlation between Foot and Ankle Characteristics with Functional Abilities and Balance among South Indian Geriatrics

Unnikrishnan R1,*, Deghidi A N1, Babu A2

1Lecturer, Department of Physical, Therapy & Health Rehabilitation, AlMajmaah University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

2Physiotherapist, Sri Lakshmi Narayana, Institute of Medical Sciences, (SLIMS), Puducherry

*Corresponding author: Unnikrishnan Radhakrishnan, Lecturer in Physiotherapy, No.28, Jayaram street, Saidapet, Chennai-600015, Tamil nadu, E-mail: Physio_krishnan@yahoo.com

Online published on 16 May, 2013.

Abstract

Objective

The aim of the study was to find the correlation between foot and ankle characteristics with functional abilities and balance among south Indian geriatrics.

Methodology

Sixty elderly people residing in an old age home were taken for test of Foot & Ankle characteristics, Balance and functional ability. Foot & Ankle characteristics were tested across five domains: Foot posture was tested by foot posture index, ankle flexibility was measured by modified version of Lunge test, foot deformity was tested by the grading exercised by the photographs, foot strength was measured by Paper grip test and foot sensation was tested by Semmens- weinsten aesthesiometer.. Balance and Functional ability were tested by standing balance test, sit to stand, 8foot and go test and walking speed.

Results

The correlation value between Foot posture with standing balance test, sit to stand test, 8-foot up and go test, gait speed are -0.027, -0.097, 0.048, 0.05 respectively.The correlation value between Ankle flexibility with Standing balance test, Sit to stand test, 8-foot up and go test, Gait speed are -0.023, -0.134, -0.169, -0.261 respectively. The correlation value between Hallux valgus deformity (HVD)with Standing balance test, Sit to stand test, 8-foot up and go test, Gait speed are -0.153, 0.011, -0.075, -0.099 respectively.The correlation value between Paper grip test1 (PGT1)with Standing balance test, Sit to stand test, 8-foot up and go test, Gait speed are 0.735, -0.367, 1.374, 1.133 respectively.The correlation value between Foot sensation(FS) with Standing balance test, Sit to stand test, 8-foot up and go test, Gait speed are -0.007, 0.052, -0.272, -0.206 respectively.

Conclusion

This study proves that Foot and Ankle characteristics strongly correlate with the Balance and Functional ability in geriatric population.

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Keywords

Characteristics, Impaired Balance, Functional Ability and Geriatrics.

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