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Indian Journal of Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy - An International Journal
Year : 2018, Volume : 12, Issue : 4
First page : ( 131) Last page : ( 135)
Print ISSN : 0973-5666. Online ISSN : 0973-5674.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0973-5674.2018.00093.X

Occurrence of flat foot in Grade-I obese teachers-A cross sectional study

Mistry Niyati N1, Shetty Suchit S2,*

1Intern Department of Neuro Physiotherapy, Dpo's NETT College of Physiotherapy, Thane, Maharashtra, India

2Assistant Professor, Department of Neuro Physiotherapy, Dpo's NETT College of Physiotherapy, Thane, Maharashtra, India

*Corresponding author: Suchit S. Shetty, MPT, Assistant Professor, Department of Neuro Physiotherapy, Dpo's NETT College of Physiotherapy, Thane, Maharashtra, India, Tel.: +919972247544. Email id: suchitshetty007@gmail.com

Online published on 26 October, 2018.

Abstract

Study Design

A cross sectional study.

Objective

Prevalence of flatfoot in grades I obese teachers working more than 5 hours.

Background

Flat foot is described as a loss of Medial Longitudinal Arch (MLA) of the foot, valgus deformity of the heel and medial telar prominence, the deformity is usually asymptomatic and resolves spontaneously in the first decade of life. There are majority of studies on prevalence of flat foot conducted on obsessed children's but there is dearth in literature on obsessed adult, in spite of that we can say that there is no literature available on flat foot in a school teachers. The work profile of teachers is in standing position. While standing; pressure from gravity multiplies the body weight on each foot, by 3 or 4 times. With the passing of time, muscle imbalance may result in an abnormality in the foot's natural arch. The arch of a metatarsal may become flat due to access weight or stress from pounding on surface. Hence this study was undertaken to find out occurrence of flat foot in GRADE-I obsessed teachers.

Method

The present study was carried out in high school teachers in Mumbai 2018. They were selected according to body mass index to be grade I obese teachers. Evaluation for each teacher was done using the Foot Posture Index-6. The Foot Posture Index-6 was used to assess foot posture. Prevalence of flatfoot was evaluated statistically

Results

Present study shows that among selected grade-I obese teachers working more than 5 years, 53% are classified into pronated flat foot, while 17% are classified into supinated flat foot and 30% are classified into normal foot.

Conclusion

This study concludes that 53% grade-I obese teacher have pronated flat foot while 17% have supinated flat foot and 33% have normal foot. So the present study indicates that there are more Grade-I obese teachers comes under pronated flat foot as compare to supinated flat foot and normal foot.

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Keywords

Teachers, Flatfoot, Prevalence.

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