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Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development
Year : 2018, Volume : 9, Issue : 12
First page : ( 794) Last page : ( 800)
Print ISSN : 0976-0245. Online ISSN : 0976-5506.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0976-5506.2018.01942.3

Generalized Power-Law Model of Magnetohydrodynamic Blood Flow with Heat Transfer

Bakheet Ahmed1,*, Alnussairy Esam A2, Ismail Zuhaila3, Amin Norsarahaida3

1Department of Mathematics, College of Science, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq

2Department of Mathematics, Computer Science and Mathematics, Wasit University, Wasit, Iraq

3Department of Mathematical Sciences, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, UTM, Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia

*Corresponding author: Ahmed Bakheet. Department of Mathematics, College of Science, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq

Online published on 2 February, 2019.

Abstract

Unsteady non-Newtonian blood fow characterized by the generalized power-law model subjected to an external magnetic feld together with heat transfer through stenosed artery has been developed. The arterial segment is assumed to be a cylindrical tube and the arterial wall is considered to be fexible having cosine shaped stenoses a condition due to the abnormal narrowing of a blood vessel. The full equations comprising the governing equations of motion, heat equation, the initial and the boundary conditions are solved using numerical procedure involves the discretization of the equations using the Marker and Cell (MAC) method, where pressure along the artery is calculated iteratively using the Successive-Over-Relaxation (SOR) technique. The results demonstrated through the simulations that under the infuence of magnetic feld, the blood temperature distribution over the entire arterial segment increases. The present results also predict the effects of the generalized power-law index and the Prandtl number on the distribution of blood temperature.

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Keywords

Numerical study, magnetohydrodynamic; pressure correction; heat transfer.

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