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Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development
Year : 2018, Volume : 9, Issue : 11
First page : ( 1840) Last page : ( 1845)
Print ISSN : 0976-0245. Online ISSN : 0976-5506.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0976-5506.2018.01714.X

Compliance with smoke-free legislation and associated factors: A serial survey in bali, Indonesia

Suarjana Ketut1,4,*, Putra Artawan Eka2, Astuti Putu Ayu Swandewi2, Mulyawan Ketut Hari2, Chalidyanto Djazuly3

1Doctoral Program, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Bali Tobacco Control Initiative, School of Public Health

2Faculty of Medicine, School of Public Health, Universitas Udayana

3Doctoral Program, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga

4Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Udayana

*Corresponding Author: Ketut Suarjana, Doctoral Program, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Bali Tobacco Control Initiative, School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Udayana, Email: ketut.suarjana-2017@fkm.unair.ac.id

Online published on 7 December, 2018.

Abstract

This study aims to describe the compliance to the smoke-free legislation and to identify the associated factors. A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the compliance at all smoke-free venues. A number of 5, 500 smoke-free venues were involved. The data was collected on a six monthly basis through observation and interviews. The study observed 6, 670 buildings. The compliance was 11.8% in the second semester of 2013 (1st) as the baseline, which increased to 62.0% in 2015 (5th). Meanwhile, the most common violations of smoke-free legislation were found to be cigarette butts, the provision of ashtrays and smoking. Factors that were associated with compliance were awareness, knowledge and support of the legislation and the presence of internal monitoring. The compliance with Bali's smoke-free legislation remains suboptimal, despite showing increasing trends over time. Hence, continuous education and supervision should be conducted for venue managers to increase compliance.

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Keywords

Smoke-free legislation, smoke-free venue, compliance, Bali Indonesia.

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