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Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development
Year : 2018, Volume : 9, Issue : 11
First page : ( 1682) Last page : ( 1686)
Print ISSN : 0976-0245. Online ISSN : 0976-5506.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0976-5506.2018.01684.4

The spread area of malaria vector in timor island, east nusa Tenggara Province

Kazwaini Muhammad1,*, Wahyuni Chatarina U.2, Noshirma Monika3

1Doctoral Program of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Mulyorejo, Surabaya, Indonesia

2Department of Epidemiology, Universitas Airlangga, Mulyorejo, Surabaya, Indonesia

3Magister Program of Biostatistics, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Mulyorejo, Surabaya, Indonesia

*Corresponding Author: Muhammad Kazwaini, Doctoral Program of Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Mulyorejo, Surabaya, Indonesia, Email: muhammad.kazwaini-2017@fkm.unair.ac.id

Online published on 7 December, 2018.

Abstract

The existence of the breeding habitat of Anopheles spp. is an indicator that malaria transmission can occur in these locations. Vector-borne disease transmission areas consist of several factors such as zoogeography, altitude, geography, geology and total area. East Nusa Tenggara Province is an archipelago consisting of three large islands; Flores, Sumba and Timor. Timor Island is surrounded by a row of hills and consists of steep slopes. Plains are generally found in the coastal areas and estuaries. Timor Island also has regional savannah and steppes. The purpose of this study was to map the anopheles adult fauna and the larva breeding habitats in various topography of the Timor Island. The method used in this study was observational, with the technique of a cross-sectional survey research. The most commonly documented breeding habit of Anopheles spp. on Timor Island was rice fields and rivers. The malaria vector found was An. barbirostris. It is necessary to become aware of the spread area of malaria in relation to the pattern of cropping and irrigation patterns, and to increase the early warning system.

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Keywords

Vectors, malaria, Anopheles spp, breeding places.

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