Prevalence Study of Overweight/Obesity Among Adults (20-60yrs) of Urban Field Practice Area of Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad
Corresponding author: Dr. Uthakalla Vijaya Kumar M.D, Asst. Prof. Dept. of Community Medicine, G.S.L. Medical College, Rajahmundry, A.P. 533296, Cell No: 09440148818. Email- uvkr_75@Yahoo.co.in.
There is an alarming increasing in the prevalence of overweight and obesity worldwide with globalization of economics and rapid international communication. Andhra Pradesh prevalence of overweight and obesity in males is 27.27% and females are 44.64% in urban areas. The prevalence of obesity in adults is 20–40% in urban areas of Andhra Pradesh.
1. To study prevalence of overweight/obesity among adults (20-60yrs) in the urban field practice area of OMC, Hyderabad. 2. To study the relationship between overweight/obesity with physical activity. 3. To study the morbidity patterns among over weight/obesity individuals.
Materials and Methods
The urban health centre consists of 41slums, 3 slums were selected randomly and households were selected by systematic random method, sample of 400 subjects were interviewed with pretested profroma. Age, sex, height, weight, blood pressure, diabetes, dietary patterns, smoking, alcoholism, CAD are recorded from March 2005 to September 2005.
The prevalence of overweight/obesity was 37%. Among males 27.27% and females 44.64%. Among age group 51–60 yrs, 45.45% were overweight/obese and the association between <40yrs and>40yrs was significant p<0.001. Among non regular exercise 47.05% were overweight/obese and the association between non regular exercise and regular exercise was significant p<0.001. Morbidities among subjects with BMI >25 were HTN 12.16%, DM13.52%, joint pains 31.08%, respiratory diseases 8.01% and CAD 1.35%.
The over all prevalence of over weight/obesity was 37% in the study population. 27.27% in males and 44.64% in females. As the age increases overweight/obesity also increases along a gradient till 60+yrs. High literacy, T.V. watching and low physical exercise were significantly associated with over weight/obesity. As BMI increases morbidities tend to increase in urban area.
Urban obesity, Exercises, Prevalence, Morbidities.