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Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development
Year : 2019, Volume : 10, Issue : 6
First page : ( 15) Last page : ( 19)
Print ISSN : 0976-0245. Online ISSN : 0976-5506.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0976-5506.2019.01231.2

Prevalence of Dental Caries among 9 to 13 Years School Children of Tiruvallur District-Chennai Tamil Nadu

Vimalakshan Indhulekha1, Gurunathan Deepa2,*, Kumar Pradeep3

1Graduate Student, Department of Pedodontics, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical Technical Sciences (SIMATS), Saveetha University, Chennai

2Professor, Department of Pedodontics, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical Technical Sciences (SIMATS), Saveetha University, Chennai

3Professor, Department of Community Dentistry, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical Technical Sciences (SIMATS), Saveetha University, Chennai

*Corresponding Author: Deepa Gurunathan, Professor, Department of Pedodontics, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical Technical Sciences (SIMATS), Saveetha University, Chennai, India, Telephone Number: +919994619386, Email: drgdeepa@yahoo.co.in

Online published on 11 July, 2019.

Abstract

Oral health plays an important role in general health of body. Poor oral hygiene can also lead to many systemic diseases. Dental caries is a disease with multifactorial causes. The prevalence and occurrence of dental caries in a population is influenced by many factors such as sex, age, socioeconomic status, dietary patterns and oral hygiene habits. Hence, the present study was designed to assess the prevalence of dental caries in Tiruvallur district Chennai, Tamil Nadu.

Material and methods

The survey was carried out among school going children of age 6 years and 13 years. 399 healthy subjects including 219 boys and 129 girls from 7 different schools were examined in day light with the help of basic diagnostic instruments like mouth mirror and probe.

Result

In this study it was observed that the 9 and 10 age group of children had high percentage of caries when compared to 11 to 13 years age group of children. The mean dmft score was also high in was also high in 9 and 10 age group of children. In total dental caries was observed in 253(72.21%) study population. Restoration is the most required treatment in both the group.

Conclusion

The result of this study reveals that there are still large amounts of population that lack awareness on the effect of poor oral hygiene and oral health status and also are ignorant on the advantages of having a good health.

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Keywords

Oral hygiene, dental caries, school children, prevalence, mouth mirror, probe.

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