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Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development
Year : 2019, Volume : 10, Issue : 5
First page : ( 1396) Last page : ( 1401)
Print ISSN : 0976-0245. Online ISSN : 0976-5506.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0976-5506.2019.01126.4

Risk Factors of Near-Miss Road Traffic Incidents among Inter-Provincial Public Van Drivers in Thailand

Kala Wanida1, Boonyamalik Plernpit2,*, Kaewboonchoo Orawan2, Bandhukul Adul3

1Master student, Master of Nursing Science (Occupational Health Nursing), Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University

2Department of Public Health Nursing, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University

3Occupational Medicine Center, Nopparatrajathanee Hospital, Thailand

*Corresponding author: Asst. Prof. Plernpit Boonyamalik, Department of Public Health Nursing, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University, 420/1 Ratchawithi Road, Ratchathewi, Bangkok, Thailand, 10400, E-mail: plernpit.suw@mahidol.ac.th

Online published on 4 June, 2019.



Public vans have higher road traffic accidents (RTAs) compared to other types of public transportation. There is evidence that the chance of RTAs increase with near-miss incidents. Therefore, this study aims to determine the prevalence and risk factors of near miss road traffic incidents among inter-provincial public van drivers in Thailand.


This is a Cross-Sectional survey design. The sample consists of 379 public van drivers in Bangkok Bus Terminals selected by proportionate stratified random sampling. The data was collected by an interview questionnaire. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and simple and multiple Logistic Regression analyses.


The prevalence of road traffic near misses was 38.3 percent. It was found that more working experience (ORadj = 0.30, 95%CI: 0.11–0.77), longer working hours (ORadj = 2.83, 95%CI: 1.34–5.95), violation driving behavior (ORadj = 1.11, 95%CI: 1.011.21), smoking (ORadj = 1.65, 95%CI: 1.02–2.66), and poor sleep quality (ORadj =3.36, 95%CI: 1.22–9.23) were the risk factors of near miss road traffic incidents.


The research findings recommend the authorized organizations set up hours of operation and allocate timetables for public van drivers to allow for adequate rest. Promoting safe driving behaviors and smoking cessation among public van drivers should be intervened in order to prevent the occurrence of near miss incidents which in turn could reduce the impacts from road traffic accidents.



Near-misses, road traffic incidents, public van drivers, road accidents.


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