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Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development
Year : 2019, Volume : 10, Issue : 5
First page : ( 323) Last page : ( 328)
Print ISSN : 0976-0245. Online ISSN : 0976-5506.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0976-5506.2019.01021.0

Nutritional Status of Preschool children (3–5Years) Attending Anganwadi in Selected Urban Slum Areas of Karad

Naregal Prakash. M.1,*, Durgawale P M2, Kakade S. V.3

1Lecturer, Krishna Institute of Nursing Sciences, Karad

2Professor & Head, Department of Community Medicine, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Karad

3Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Karad

*Corresponding Author: Mr. Prakash. M. Naregal, Lecturer, Krishna Institute of Nursing Sciences, Karad, Phone: 9595138103, Email: prakash.naregal20@gmail.com

Online published on 4 June, 2019.

Abstract

Background

As cities are developing in India, urban slums are also increased with people moving from rural areas to urban in search of better life with job but live over crowdedly in urban slums with poor environmental sanitation. Children in the slum suffer from malnutrition caused by lack of food and inadequate Knowledge of mothers on nutrition. Nutrition of preschool children is paramount importance; because the foundation for life time health, strength and intellectual vitality is laid during this period.

Aims

To aassess the “Nutritional Status of preschool children (3–5Years) attending anganwadi in selected urban slum areas of Karad, and to find the association between nutritional status and demographic variables of preschool children.

Materials and Method

A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in 6 Anganwadis at urban slum areas of Karad. Non-probability purposive sampling technique was used for selecting 137 preschool children. Nutritional status was assessedusing anthropometry. Undernutrition was classified using Indian Academy Pediatrics (IAP). The data collected, tabulated and analyzed as per the objectives of the study using descriptive and inferential statistics.

Results

Assessment of Nutritional Status shows that 60.58% of children were normal, 31.39% of children were suffering from Grade I malnutrition and 8.03% of children were suffering from Grade II malnutrition and none of them were suffering from Grade III and IV malnutrition.

Conclusion

Respiteof many programmes providing nutritional supplements through ICDS programme still prevalence of undernutrition in preschool children is high so there is need for improvement in nutritional status through nutrition education of mothers and empowerment of mothers through education and economically through providing employment and improving living conditions and environmental sanitation in the urban slum areas.

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Keywords

Nutritional Status, preschool children (3–5Years), anganwadi, urban slum, Karad.

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