Effect of Mechanical Traction Versus Kaltenborn Traction with Mobilization on Post Operative Knee Stiffness
*Corresponding Author: Swati S. Yadav, Intern BPT, Krishna College of Physiotherapy, KIMSDU, Karad-415110, Maharashtra, India Phone number: +918669353362, Email: Swatisyadav2596@gmail.com
Knee stiffness is the most common musculoskeletal disorder. Manual traction is effective in treating post operative knee stiffness but it has limitations which may be overcome by using Mechanical traction. However there is limited research available to show any significant impact of mechanical traction with mobilization on post operative knee stiffness.
The purpose of this study was to find effect of mechanical traction versus Kaltenborn traction with mobilization on post operative knee stiffness.
The study design was Pre test-Post test single blinded study.
Method and Material
30 subjects (17 males/13 females, age 25–65) were randomly allocated in 2 groups. Group (A) received mechanical traction with mobilization, hot moist pack, CPM and exercises. Group (B) received Kaltenborn traction with mobilization, hot moist pack, CPM and exercises. Both the groups received treatment for 6 sessions/wk for 4 wks. Pre-Post score was assessed using WOMAC, range of motion (ROM) and visual analogue scale (VAS).
The data was analyzed with INSTAT software using paired and unpaired t test.
Both the groups showed improvement but there was extremely significant improvement in WOMAC scale (p<0.001), ROM (p<0.001) and VAS (p<0.001) in group treated with the mechanical traction with mobilization. This data indicates that mechanical traction gives better result than the manual traction.
Mechanical Traction with mobilization was more effective in decreasing pain and improving quality of life in post operative knee stiffness than using conventional therapy alone.
Mechanical traction, manual traction, continuous passive motion, hot moist pack, WOMAC scale, range of motion, visual analogue scale.