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Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development
Year : 2019, Volume : 10, Issue : 3
First page : ( 831) Last page : ( 838)
Print ISSN : 0976-0245. Online ISSN : 0976-5506.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0976-5506.2019.00604.1

Household Food Security and Food Diversity as Risk Factor for Stunting in Toddlers at 24–59 Months of Age

Widyaningsih Novita Nining1,*, Kusnandar2, Anantanyu Sapja2

1Master Program of Science Nutrition, University of Sebelas Maret,

2Faculty of Agriculture, University of Sebelas Maret,

*Corresponding Author: Novita Nining Widyaningsih, Nutritional Science Program, Postgraduate of University of Sebelas Maret, Jalan Ir. Sutami No. 36A, Jebres, Surakarta, Central Java, 57126, Email: novita.nining@yahoo.com

Online published on 20 March, 2019.



The result of Riskesdas (2013) showed that the prevalence of stunting in Indonesia had increased from 35.6% to 37.2%. This high prevalence is not only related to health problems but also affected by others which indirectly affecting such as household food security. Low food security will result in a low quality of consumed food as reflected in a low food diversity which consumed by toddlers, leading to stunting. This study aims to analyze the risk factors for stunting in toddlers aged 24–59 months.


This is an observational analytic study using a cross-sectional design. The study was carried out on Sub-district of Bayat, Klaten Regency, with a total of 100 toddlers aged 24–59 months as subjects using simple random sampling. The data then analyzed using bivariate analysis (Chi-Square, Fisher Exact test) and multivariate analysis (Logistic Regression test).


Bivariate analysis showed that there was a relationship between birth length (p=0, 050, OR=2, 533, 95% Cl: 1, 084-5, 919), household food security (p = 0, 00, OR = 6, 160, 95% Cl: 2, 497-15, 197), food diversity (p = 0.00, OR = 6.801, 95% Cl: 2, 146-21, 558) with the occurrences of stunting. The result of multivariate analysis showed that there was a relationship between household food security (p = 0, 00, OR = 8, 328, 95% Cl: 2, 860-24, 251) and food diversity with the occurrences of stunting in toddlers (p = 0, 01, OR = 10, 092, 95% Cl: 2, 558-39, 815).


The household food security and food diversity are the risk factors for stunting in toddlers aged 24–59 months.



Food Security, Food Diversity, Stunting.


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