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Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development
Year : 2019, Volume : 10, Issue : 10
First page : ( 1) Last page : ( 6)
Print ISSN : 0976-0245. Online ISSN : 0976-5506.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0976-5506.2019.02758.X

Gross Motor Skills in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder

Swarnarajam A. Sheba1, Christopher Sheila2

1Research Scholar, P.G. & Research Department of Rehabilitation Science, Holy Cross College (Autonomous), Tiruchirapalli, India

2HOD & Associate Professor, P.G. & Research Department of Rehabilitation Science, Holy Cross College (Autonomous), Tiruchirapalli, India

Online published on 23 December, 2019.

Abstract

Background

Movement plays an essential role in children's lives. Typically developing children achieve motor skills effortlessly, while children with ASD and ADHD demonstrate a plethora of developmental challenges. In clinical practice, an explicit intervention module addressing motor deficits of these children has been greatly overlooked as they appear active and agile. Hence, this study intends to explore the gross motor skill deficits in children with ASD and ADHD.

Materials and Method

Children with ASD (n = 10) or ADHD (n = 10) belonging to the age group of 3–10 years were recruited for the study as per the inclusion criteria. All children were selected from Madurai Child Development Centre, a pediatric rehabilitation centre in Madurai, India. The Test of Gross Motor Development-2 was employed to analyze the gross motor dysfunctions in children with ASD and ADHD.

Results

Significant association between age and object control skills in ASD children was found between the ages 3–6 years & 7–10 years. Significant association between age and locomotor skills as well as object control skills was elucidated in ADHD children. A definite association in locomotor and object control skill performance between boys and girls among ASD and ADHD was found.

Conclusion

Children with ASD and ADHD demonstrate a plethora of gross motor skill challenges that subsequently thwarts their dexterity, self-care and overall function.

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Keywords

Gross motor skill, Motor development, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder.

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