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Indian Journal of Plant Genetic Resources
Year : 2012, Volume : 25, Issue : 1
First page : ( 97) Last page : ( 110)
Print ISSN : 0971-8184. Online ISSN : 0976-1926.

Community Based Approach to On-farm Conservation and Sustainable Use of Agricultural Biodiversity in Asia

Sthapit Bhuwon1,*Regional Project Coordinator/In situ Conservation Specialist, Subedi Abhishek2Programme Director, Jarvis Devra3Senior Scientist, Lamers Hugo4Associate Scientist, Rao V Ramanatha5Honorary Research Fellow, Reddy BMC6National Project Coordinator

1Bioversity International, Office for South Asia, National Agricultural Science Centre, DPS Marg, Pusa Campus, New Delhi-110012, India

2Local Initiatives for Biodiversity, Research and Development (LIBIRD), Pokhara, Nepal

3Bioversity International, Rome, Italy

4Socio-economics & Marketing, Bioversity International, Office for South Asia, National Agricultural Science Centre, DPS Marg, Pusa Campus, New Delhi-110012, India

5Biodiversity International, Rome and Adjunct Senior Fellow, ATREE, Bangalore, India

6Tropical Fruit Tree Genetic Resource (TFTGR) Project, IIHR, Bangalore, India

*Author for Correspondence: E-mail: b.sthapit@cgiar.org

Online published on 24 May, 2012.

Abstract

On-farm conservation is a process of the continuous cultivation and management of a diverse set of populations by farmers in the agro-ecosystem where a crop has evolved. The continued evolution and adaptation of a species/cultivar, including adaptation to climate change, thus depend on continuous on farm management of local crop diversity. The paper discusses challenges of implementation of the on-farm conservation, despite signifi cant support from the global scientific as well as civil society agencies, as the preferred method of conservation. Illustrating the insights obtained from three research case studies on crops and fruits of donor funded on-farm initiatives in Nepal and India and South East Asia, the paper aims to highlight the role and importance of community involvement for on-farm conservation of Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (PGRFA). Community biodiversity management (CBM) emerged as an approach that is increasingly recognized as a process that contributes to on-farm conservation through the management of landscape, species and genetic diversity.

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Keywords

Agricultural biodiversity, Community biodiversity management, Home garden, In situ/On-farm conservation, Sustainable livelihoods, Tropical fruit species.

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