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International Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2020, Volume : 8, Issue : 3
First page : ( 402) Last page : ( 403)
Print ISSN : 2347-8640. Online ISSN : 2454-2660.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2454-2660.2020.00088.5

Clinical Significance versus Statistical Significance in Manual Lymphatic Drainage on Stereotyped behavior for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder – A Critical Review

Dr. Sampoornam W.1,*, Dr. Padmavathi P.2, Mrs. Salomi Sangeetha J.3

1Professor, Dhanvantri College of Nursing, Pallakkapalayam

2Principal, Dhanvantri College of Nursing, Pallakkapalayam

3Associate Professor, Karpaga Vinayaga College of Nursing, Pudukkottai

*Corresponding Author E-mail: sampoornamwebster@yahoo.in

Online published on 10 August, 2020.

Abstract

Context

Treatment options directed to the reduction of stereotypies, in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder, are often highly intrusive. Psychotropic medication and intensive behavioral interventions are the most common treatments. The impact of the treatments in the reduction of stereotypical behavior is assessed based on the number of stereotypical episodes occurring over a period of time. By exploring pitfalls in statistical analysis clarifies the importance of differentiating between statistical significance and clinical significance.

Critical Review Analysis

Hitherto clinical significance portrayed positive outcome in course of intervening manual lymphatic drainage on stereotyped behavior for children with autism. Besides, statistical significance failed to prove the significant results after implementation of manual lymphatic drainage for stereotyped behavior probably owing to existing effect size relationship. Further research must be carried out and replicated for understanding its statistical significance.

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Keywords

Autism Spectrum Disorder, Clinical Significance, Statistical Significance, Manual Lymphatic Drainage, Stereotyped behavior.

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