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International Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2020, Volume : 8, Issue : 3
First page : ( 346) Last page : ( 352)
Print ISSN : 2347-8640. Online ISSN : 2454-2660.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2454-2660.2020.00074.5

Effectiveness of Psycho-education on emotional maturity among young adults in selected colleges of Mysuru

Aswani PS1,*, Mr. Kumar Santhosh2, Prof. Williams Sheela3

1M.Sc Nursing Student, JSS College of Nursing, Mysuru

2Assisstant Professor, Mental Health Nursing, JSS College of Nursing, Mysuru

3Principal, JSS College of Nursing, Mysuru

*Corresponding Author E-mail: achubab91@gmail.com

Online published on 10 August, 2020.

Abstract

Background of the study

A man's life is normally divided into five stages namely: infancy, childhood, adolescence, adulthood and oldage. Every stage has its significance in terms of biological and psychological transition which in-turn influences the behaviour, among these stages the pivotal transformation occurs between childhoods to adolescence, which is also termed as biological stress. Adolescents is a transitional stage of physical and mental human development that occurs between childhood and adulthood, this transition involves biological (i.e. Pubertal), social, and psychological changes, shown in their personality traits. A person's emotional reaction to a happening depends both upon the nature of the happening itself and upon his own inner state.

Aim

The aim of this study to assess the effectiveness of Psycho-education on emotional maturity among young adults in selected colleges of Mysuru

Methods

In the study pre test –post test design is used and non probability convenience sampling was adopted to select 60 young adults were selected from yuvaraj college and St. Joseph college Mysuru. Pilot Study was conducted, the tool and study design were found to be feasible. On day 1 data was collected using Modified Emotional maturity scale among young adults following Psycho-education was given for experimental group for next 7 successive days. Post test was conducted on day 14th day among both experimental and control group. The tools and study design were found to be feasible. The reliability was established by split-half method for Modified emotional maturity scale which intended to assess the emotional maturity of the young adults. The data was analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistics.

Results

The analysis of the findings revealed that, the mean difference between the pre test Emotional maturity scores of young adults in Experimental and Control group was 0.06. To find the significance of difference in Mean pre test Emotional maturity scores among Experimental and Control group, Independent ‘t’ was computed and obtained the value Independent ‘t’(58)=.006 was found to be not significant. Hence it is inferred that there is no statistically significant difference between mean pre test Emotional maturity scores of young adults in Experimental and Control group and hence both the group were started from equivalent base line. the mean difference between the mean pre-test and mean post-test Emotional maturity scores of Experimental group was 34.87. It indicates that there is an increase in Emotional maturity scores of young adults in Experimental group as they have undergone Psycho-education on Emotional maturity. To find the significance difference in the pre test and post test Emotional maturity scores in the Experimental group, paired t-test was computed and the obtained the value of t(29) is 9.02 was found to be significant at 0.05 level of significant. Hence null hypothesis is not accepted and inferred that there is significant increase in the mean post test Emotional maturity scores of young adults who have undergone Psycho education. The mean difference between the mean pre-test and mean post-test Emotional maturity scores of Control group was. 40. To find the significant increase in Emotional maturity scores paired t-test value was computed and the obtained value of t(29) is 0.34 found to be not significant at 0.05 level of significance. It indicates that there is no significant increase in Emotional maturity scores of young adults in Control group. that mean difference between the post-test Emotional maturity scores of young adults in Experimental and Control group is 34.46. To find the significance of difference in mean post test Emotional maturity scores among Experimental and Control group, independent ‘t’ value was computed. Obtained value of independent “t”(58) = 3.59, was found to be significant at 0.05 level of significance. Hence null hypothesis is not accepted and it is interpreted that there was statistically significant difference in the post test Emotional maturity scores of young adults who have undergone Psycho education. Hence it is inferred that Psycho education was effective in improving the Emotional maturity of young adults. that computed Chi-square value were found to be significant for the age and birth order in the family and was not significant for gender, religion, place of residence, type of family, family income per month, birth order in the family, educational status of the parents, experience as class representative, participation in games and sports, participation in cultural at 0.05 level of significance. There fore the finding partially support null hypothesis H03 inferring that there is significant association between emotional maturity score of young adults with their age and birth order in the family.

Conclusion

The study revealed that emotional maturity is having a profound impact on young adults. The Pre test -post test only design was selected. The study was conducted in Yuvaraja college and St. Josephs college, Mysuru. Non-Probability convenience sampling technique, which involves the convenient selection of elements from the population, was used for the study. The tools used to collect the data include Personal proforma to assess the sample characteristics, Modified Emotional maturity scale to assess the emotional maturity of young adults. The analysis of the findings indicated that the psycho-education on emotional maturity was effective in increasing the emotional maturity of young adults as evident from the compute t(58) = 3.59 which was significant at 0.05 level significance. The pre test emotional maturity score were found to be significantly associated with Age and Birth order in the family and not significant with Religion, Place of Residence, Type of family, Family income per month, Educational status of the parents, Experience as class representative, Participation in sports and games and Participation in cultural events. The study concludes that the psycho-education is an effective method to increase the emotional maturity of the young adults.Hence, health care professionals should give importance for psycho-education for increasing the emotional maturity of young adults who is considered as the future for our Nation.

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Keywords

Young adults, Emotional maturity, Psycho education.

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