A Descriptive Study to Assess the Knowledge and Attitude regarding Substance abuse among Students studying in D. Y. Patil Junior College at Kolhapur, Maharashtra
*Corresponding Author E-mail: email@example.com
Background and Objectives
People who fail to fulfill their roles and carryout responsibilities or whose behavior is inappropriate to the situation are viewed as Mental Illnesses. Predisposing factors determine an individual's susceptibility to mental illness. These factors are operating from early life that determines a person's vulnerability to cause the illness1. Mental health problems refer to the more common struggles and adjustment difficulties that affect everybody from time to time. These problems tend to happen when people are going through difficult times in life, such as a relationship ending, the death of someone close, conflict in relations with family or friends, or stresses at home, school or work. Feeling stressed or having the blues is a normal response to the psychological or social challenges most people encounter at some time or another. Hence there is a need to assess the knowledge regarding mental illness in a selected rural area at Kolhapur. The objectives of the study are to assess the knowledge to assess the level of knowledge regarding mental illness among adults of rural area and to find the association between knowledge scores regarding mental illness with selected demographic variables like age, religion, residential area, type of family, family income, parent's occupation, etc, on knowledge and attitude regarding substance abuse and also the correlation between knowledge and attitude scores of students regarding substance abuse among adults of rural area.
The sample selected for the study includes 100 adults of selected rural area. To select the samples, non-probability purposive sampling method was used. The reliability of the tool was established and the data was collected by using structured knowledge questionnaire, based on demographic data, 40 items on knowledge.
The knowledge of mental illness among adults was found 70% good knowledge, average knowledge among 16% adults, very good knowledge among 14% adults and no one with poor knowledge. Chi-square values indicate a significant association between the knowledge scores of rural adults with income (calculated value 15.831 is more than table value 9.49 at 0.05 levels).
Interpretation and Conclusion
Overall findings showed that, respondents knowledge about mental illness is average (16%), 0% poor knowledge, 14% very good knowledge and 70% good knowledge. So enhancement in knowledge aspect is required. Chi-square values indicate a significant association between the knowledge scores of rural adults with income (calculated value 15.831 is more than table value 9.49 at 0.05 levels).
Knowledge, Mental Illness, Adults, Rural area.