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International Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2019, Volume : 7, Issue : 2
First page : ( 237) Last page : ( 241)
Print ISSN : 2347-8640. Online ISSN : 2454-2660.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2454-2660.2019.00051.6

Coping Strategies used by Wives of Patients with Alcohol Related Disorders

Barman Hiramoni*

Associate Professor, Psychiatric Nursing, Army Institute of Nursing, Assam, India

*Corresponding Author E-mail: hiyabarman1@gmail.com

Online published on 22 May, 2019.

Abstract

Alcoholism is one of the major public health problems and world's third largest risk factor for disease and disability. The presence of individual with alcohol or drug dependence in the family affects various aspects of family like leisure time activities, family and social relationships and finances. The wives of alcoholics undergo intense trauma and stress in their domestic environment. When there is mental break down, the human being grasps at ways of coping with crisis and so does the wives of alcoholics. The current study aimed to assess the coping strategies used by the wives of patients diagnosed with alcohol related disorders. A descriptive cross sectional design was employed for the study. A total of 200 alcoholic clients ’wives who accompanied their husbands to treatment setting were enrolled for the study by using non probability sampling technique. To assess the coping strategies Coping Questionnaire tool developed by Orford et al (1976) is used. The tool yields mean scores in three forms of coping, namely, engaged coping, tolerant coping, and withdrawal coping. The result revealed that the mean score of 16.4, 11.9 and 4.1 for engaged coping, tolerant coping and withdrawal coping respectively where mean percentage score for tolerant coping was higher followed by engaged coping and withdrawal coping. The study also revealed significant association of educational qualification and employment status of wives, monthly family income and types of family with the coping strategies. The study concluded that majority of the wives of alcoholics used all three coping strategies to deal their husbands’ drinking problem. As few of the coping strategies adopted by the wives are associated with the poor psychiatric heath there is a need to strengthen the healthy adaptive coping strategies among the wives and help them to perceive the stressful situations as manageable.

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Keywords

Coping strategies, Wives, Alcohol related disorders.

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