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International Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2019, Volume : 7, Issue : 2
First page : ( 211) Last page : ( 217)
Print ISSN : 2347-8640. Online ISSN : 2454-2660.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2454-2660.2019.00046.2

Assess the effectiveness of Relaxation Therapy on Stress and Physiological Parameters among Antenatal Mothers with Pregnancy Induced Hypertension admitted at Pravara Rural Hospital, Loni (Bk)

Ms. Vanita1, Mrs. Weljale Bharati2,*

1Clinical Instructor in Nashik District Maratha Vidyaprasarak Samaj, College of Nursing, Nashik

2Asso. Prof., Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences, College of Nursing, Loni (Bk)

*Corresponding Author E-mail: bhartiweljale@gmail.com

Online published on 22 May, 2019.

Abstract

Background

Hypertension is one of the common complications met in pregnancy and it is one of the major causes of maternal morbidity and mortality leading to 10–15% of maternal deaths specially in developing world. World health organization estimate that at least one woman dies every seven minutes from complications of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. Every minute, each day some where in the world, a woman dies as result of complications related to pregnancy and childbirth. Pregnancy Induced hypertension (PIH) affects about 5% of Pregnant women and is a significantcause of maternal, fetal, and neonatal mortality and morbidity.

Material and method

Quasi experimental study, where a pre and post test design with control group approach was used for assessing the effectiveness of Relaxation Therapy on Stress and Physiological parameters among Ante natal mothers with PIH. A sample for the present study was the ante natal mothers with PIH admitted in Pravara Rural Hospital and available during the period of data collection period. The sample size was comprised of 60 ante natal mothers with PIH, out of which 30 were in experimental group and 30 were in control group. Non probability method; purposive sampling technique was used for the selection of participants who meet the purpose of the study on the basis of inclusion and exclusion criteria.

Result

in both group the mean scores was less than 7 for depression i.e (3.96±1.86) and (5.56±2.06) respectively indicates ante natal mothers with PIH had ‘mild’ depression, similarly in relation to anxiety the ante natal mothers had mean less than 7 i.e (7.03±2.15) and (5.9±1.24) respectively indicates mild anxiety. However in relation to stress, the participants in both group had mean score between 8–14 i.e. (9.06±2.98) and (8.56±2.72) respectively indicates the ‘moderate level’ of stress. Above mentioned table depicts that in both group the ante natal mothers with PIH, on day one at 10.00 am higher percentage (50% and 60%) of them had blood pressure 130–140/90–100 mmHg followed by majority 83% and 73% had pulse rate between 80–100 beats/min and the remaining had more than 100 beats/min. In relation to respiratory rate significant percent 20% in experimental group and 13% in control group had elevated respiratory rate.control group the mothers of 19–23 years of age had higher mean score (8.18±1.16) indicate ‘moderate level’ of stress.

Conclusion

The conclusion drawn from the study was that the ante natal mothers suffer from PIH. The result highlights that the relaxation therapy was effective in reducing the stress and physiological parameters on ante natal mothers with PIH which was statistically significant. It was evident that there was a significant positive relationship was excited between the depression, anxiety and stress. It was emphasized that the compliance with intervention to reduce the level of stress and physiological parameters.

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Keywords

Assess effectiveness, relaxation therapy, stress and physiological parameters, pregnancy induced hypertention.

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