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International Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2018, Volume : 6, Issue : 4
First page : ( 397) Last page : ( 400)
Print ISSN : 2347-8640. Online ISSN : 2454-2660.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2454-2660.2018.00096.0

A Comparative Study to assess the BMI among Vegetarian and Non-Vegetarian adults in selected areas of Kota City Rajasthan

Ms. Shayar Minakshi*

Nursing Tutor, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, College of Nursing, Jodhpur (Raj.)

*Corresponding Author E-mail: minakshiaiims@gmail.com

Online published on 27 December, 2018.

Abstract

The problem of overweight in adults is both unhealthy and undesirable. Most adults still believe that being fat is a sign of good health.[1] Body mass index is an indicator of nutritional status. It is calculated by dividing a person's weight in kilograms by height in meters squared.[2] Objective for this study is to assess the BMI of vegetarian and non-vegetarian adults and to compare the BMI among vegetarian and non-vegetarian adults. Descriptive observational based survey approach was adopted. The sample consists of 300 adult, one group of 150 (75 male and 75 female) vegetarian and 150 (75 male and 75 female) non vegetarian selected by non probability stratified Random sampling technique. The data were collected by validated structured questionnaire for demographic data and questionnaire on dietary pattern, height and weight measurement. Results of this study reveal that a majority of vegetarian and non vegetarian 42.66% adults have normal level of BMI those doing exercise regularly. Among vegetarian and non vegetarian male adults 42.8% who were businessman have more BMI compared to other occupation and in female who were housewife (27.27%) have more BMI. Among all vegetarian and non vegetarian adults, majority of vegetarian 90 (60.00%) adults and 81 (54.00%) non vegetarian adults having normal BMI (18.5 to 22.9) and 36 (24.00%) vegetarian and 67 (44.6%) non vegetarian were overweight.

Conclusion

The result of the study showed that those adults have less activity level i.e. businessman, housewives and non vegetarian adults are at more risk of obesity. It has given a new avenue to the researchers to conduct more research like comparative, health education programme among adults to aware regarding obesity and its adverse effect on health.

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Keywords

Body Mass index, vegetarian, non vegetarian, adults, height, weight, exercise.

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