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International Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2018, Volume : 6, Issue : 4
First page : ( 351) Last page : ( 354)
Print ISSN : 2347-8640. Online ISSN : 2454-2660.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2454-2660.2018.00085.6

Pattern of Junk Food Consumption and its Relationship with Body Mass Index, with a view to Develop and Evaluate the Effectiveness of Information Booklet on ‘Harmful Effects of Junk Food’ among Adolescents

Ms. Kaur Khushpreet1,*, Mrs. Patney Sunita2, Dr. Mathur R.G.3

1Nursing Demonstrator, State Institute of Nursing and Paramedical Sciences, Badal, Sri Muktsar Sahib, Punjab

2Lecturer and Coordinator, Department of Continuing Education, Rajkumari Amrit Kaur College of Nursing, New Delhi

3Lecturer, Rajkumari Amrit Kaur College of Nursing, New Delhi

*Corresponding Author E-mail: lovemom.insan53@gmail.com

Online published on 27 December, 2018.

Abstract

Adolescent fitness requires well balanced diet but their unhealthy food preferences like consumption of junk food leads to various health concerns. A two phased research was conducted in which phase I including descriptive survey to assess relationship of pattern junk food consumption with body mass index among adolescents and phase II included pre-experimental one group pre-test post-test design to develop and evaluate the effectiveness of information booklet on ‘Harmful effects of junk food’ among adolescents. Data was obtained from 200 adolescents in Phase-I and 56 adolescents in Phase-II. Simple random sampling technique and Total enumeration sampling technique was adopted for Phase-I and Phase-II respectively. The data were collected with the help of standard weighing machine and height scale, Junk food consumption scale and Structured knowledge questionnaire. CDC-2000 growth charts for children and adolescents aged 2–20 years were used to classify adolescents overweight and obese. More than half of the adolescents had moderate level of junk food consumption pattern where as 23.5%, 20.5% and 4.5% of the adolescents had high level, mild level and very high level of junk food consumption. The 20% of adolescents were overweight where as 7.5% of adolescents were obese. There was statistically significant association between the body mass index and pattern of junk food consumption of the adolescents (Chi2 value 103.73 at 0.05 level). Mean post test knowledge scores were higher (23.8) than pre test knowledge scores (17.3) and found to be statistically significantly different (t = 17.6 at 0.05 levels of significance). The findings of the study revealed that information booklet was effective in enhancing the knowledge of adolescents on harmful effects of junk food.

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Keywords

Junk food, Consumption pattern, Adolescents, BMI, Evaluate, Knowledge, Effectiveness and Information Booklet.

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