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International Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2018, Volume : 6, Issue : 2
First page : ( 197) Last page : ( 199)
Print ISSN : 2347-8640. Online ISSN : 2454-2660.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2454-2660.2018.00044.3

A study to assess the effectiveness of topical anesthetic cream on pain experience among patients undergoing intravenous cannulation at selected hospital Salem District

Mr. Ajin R.S.*

Lecturer, Grace College of Nursing, Kaliyakkavilai, K. K. Dist

*Corresponding Author E-mail: bethelajin.r.s@gmail.com

Online published on 21 August, 2018.

Abstract

Pain is the unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or decrease in terms of such damage. Early pain experiences may play a particularly important role in shaping an individual's pain responses. In adequate relief of pain and distress painful medical procedures may have long-term negative effects on future pain tolerance and pain responses. Intravenous therapy is delivered annually to millions of patients in homes, hospitals and other health care facilities. Cannulation causes moderate or severe pain in a substantial number of children and adults. Some institutions have procedures for minimizing the predictable pain of cannulation. Tropical anesthetics are analgesic drugs that may be associated with higher magnitude of benefit for managing pain during common needle stick procedures. In a study conducted to examine the difference in pain scores following tropical anesthetic and placebo application, a sample of 43 healthy adult volunteers experiencing IV catheterization were enrolled. The subjects were randomized to receive liposomal lidocaine cream on one hand and a hand cream on the other hand 30 minutes prior to IV catheterization. Pain scores were reported utilization a visual along scale (1-10cm) after intravenous cannulation and paired t-tests were used to measure the difference in pain scores between hands. The findings suggest that the tropical use of liposomal lidocaine anesthetic cram is a viable option for reducing the pain associated with IV catheter insertion in adults.

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Keywords

Topical Anesthetic Cream, Pain, Intravenous Cannulation.

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