Assess the Effectiveness of Increased Breast feeding on Temperature Stability and Hydration among the Newborns with Hyperbilirubinemia Receiving Phototherapy at Pravara Rural Hospital.
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Jaundice is one of the most common disease conditions in newborn babies seeking medical attention. Phototherapy is a choice of treatment from all modalities of the treatments for Jaundice which has side effects such as temperature instability, skin rashes and dehydration. Increased breastfeeding is the best way to minimize these side effects. The present study was carried out with the objective to determine the effectiveness of increased breast feeding on temperature stability and hydration level of newborns with hyperbilirubinemia receiving phototherapy and correlate them.
Material and Method
A True experimental study pretest posttest design with control group approach was carried out at Pravara Rural Hospital. Total 60 Newborns with hyperbilirubinemia receiving phototherapy were enrolled in study and control group. The investigator encouraged mothers of newborns in study group to breastfeed newborns 10–12 times in 24hrs. Control group mothers were advice to breastfeed the newborns as per their daily routines. The post test was conducted after termination of phototherapy. The data was analyzed by using the descriptive and inferential statistic and coefficient correlation.
It was found that increased breast feeding is significantly improved the hydration level of newborns with hyperbilirubinemia in study group. Paired ‘t” test was calculated to analyze the difference in temperature stability, hydration between the newborn with hyperbilirubinemia in study and control group. There was relation between increased breastfeeding and various aspects of hydration, skin turgor and oral mucosa with significant statistical difference at 0.05 levels. It interprets that the temperature stability influences the hydration level of the newborns.
The study outcome uncovered that increased breastfeeding was effective in improving hydration among the newborns with hyperbilirubinemia. Hence it is recommended that breastfeeding is the cost effective and beneficial way to improve hydration of newborns with hyperbilirubinemia rather than parentral therapy.
Increased breastfeeding, temperature stability, hydration, Newborns with hyperbilirubinemia, and phototherapy.