Effect of Educational Intervention on Knowledge Regarding Patient Safety among Undergraduate Nursing Students of Navi Mumbai.
*Corresponding Author E-mail: email@example.com
Safety is a basic tenet of high health care quality. Patient safety is the corner stone of high quality health care. Nurses are critical to the surveillance and co-ordinates that reduce such outcomes. Patient safety is an essential and vital component of quality nursing care. However the nation's health care system is prone to errors, and can be detrimental to safe patient care, as a result of basic system flaws. Patient Safety is a fundamental principle of health care. The simplest definition of patient safety is the prevention of errors and adverse effects to patients association with health care. Doctors are perceived by patients and clinicians as being the captain of the health care team, with good reason. But physicians may spend only 30–45 mts a day with even a critically ill hospitalized patient, whereas nurses are a constant presence at the bed side and regularly interact with physicians, pharmacists, families and all other members of the health care team. of all the members of the health care team, nurses therefore play a critically important role in ensuring patient safety, by monitoring patients for clinical deterioration, detecting errors and near misses, understanding care processes and weaknesses inherent in some system and performing countless other tasks to ensure patient receive a high quality care. Nurses working conditions and patient safety also play a vital role. The Causal relationship between nurse to patient ratio and patient outcomes likely is accounted for both increased workload and increased stress and risk of burn out for nurses. In one British study, missed nursing case episodes were strongly associated with a higher number of patients per nurses. Burnout among clinicians (both nurses and physicians) has consistently been linked to patient safety risks, and some studies show that higher number of patients per nurse is correlated with increased risk of burnout among nurses. The high intensity nature of nurses work means that nurses themselves are at risk of committing errors while providing routine care. Interruptions have been tied to an increased risk of errors, particularly medication administration errors.
Need for the study
Furthermore it is recommended that the initial exposure to patient safety should occur early in undergraduate and graduate nursing education programs and be ongoing throughout nursing education. In literature less attention has been paid to the perception of patient safety. Therefore it is important to assess Nursing students knowledge on patient safety to have a base line data and implement a relevant educational intervention on selected aspects of patient safety which included fundamentals of patient safety, emerging challenges, human factors and patient safety, communicating effectively, preventing and managing adverse events and near misses, medication safety and multifaceted approach. Therefore the researcher conducted an educational intervention on patient safety among the undergraduate Nursing students.
Objectives of the study
The objectives of the study were
1) To assess the knowledge regarding patient safety among undergraduate Nursing Students.
2) To find the effect of educational intervention on Knowledge regarding patient safety among undergraduate Nursing students.
An evaluative approach with preexperimental one group design was adopted for the study. Convenient sampling was selected. Permission was obtained from the ethical committee. A structured knowledge questionnaire was used to assess the knowledge regarding patient safety among undergraduate Nursing students. Pretest was done followed by educational intervention and posttest was done on 5th day with the same tool. Data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The findings revealed that overall pretest mean score for knowledge was 6.80, and post test mean score was 8.49. The Computed “t “value was1.702 was greater than the table value. Hence the study concluded that educational intervention on patient safety was effective in improving the knowledge of undergraduate nursing students.
Patient safety, educational intervention, knowledge, undergraduate nursing students.