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International Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2017, Volume : 5, Issue : 4
First page : ( 416) Last page : ( 420)
Print ISSN : 2347-8640. Online ISSN : 2454-2660.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2454-2660.2017.00089.8

Evaluate the Efficacy of Topical Anesthetic on Pain during Venipuncture among the Children

Ms.  Neelam1,*, Mr. Garg Sunil Kumar2, Dr. Gupta Harshvardhan3

1Lecturer Maharaja Agarsen Medical College of Nursing, Agroha, Hisar

2Associate Professor, SINPMS, Badal, Sri Mukatsar Sahib Punjab, A constitute college of BFUHS, Faridkot, Punjab

3Associate Professor, M.D. Pediatric Guru Gobind Singh Medical Hospital, Faridkot, Punjab

*Corresponding Author Email: Nilima6390@gmail.com

Online published on 24 May, 2018.



Perception of pain in pediatrics is complex, and entails physiological, psychological, behavioural, and developmental factors. However, in spite of its frequency, pain in infants, children and adolescents are often underestimated and under treated. It has also been shown that infants and children, who experience pain in early life, show long-term changes in terms of pain perception and related behaviour. Professionals in health care settings have a responsibility to reduce pain and anxiety as much as possible to increase patient safety.


The aim of the study is to evaluate the effect of topical anaesthetic on venipuncture pain in children who undergo these procedures repeatedly during the course of their treatment.

Material and Methods

A quantitative research approach, quasi experimental in which post-test only control group design without randomization was used to conduct this research study. A sample of 80 children as subjects (40experiment and 40-control) who required venipuncture for any diagnostic and therapeutic purpose in selected hospitals of Punjab was selected using Non probability convenience sampling technique.


The study results depicted that mean pain score (1.1±1.19) in experimental group was statistically significantly different then mean pain score (5.25±2.26) in control group. While comparing the level of pain, it was calculated using chi-square test, it was interpreted that there is statistically significant difference in the level of pain in experimental and control group at 0.05 level of significance.


The study concluded that the topical anaesthetic cream was effective to reducing the pain during venipuncture among the children in experimental group than control group in selected hospitals of Punjab.



Pain, Topical anaesthetic, Efficacy, venipuncture, children.


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