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International Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2017, Volume : 5, Issue : 3
First page : ( 320) Last page : ( 324)
Print ISSN : 2347-8640. Online ISSN : 2454-2660.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2454-2660.2017.00065.5

A Study to assess the HPV Vaccination Status and to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme regarding Cervical Cancer and its Prevention among Adolescent girls in Selected Colleges at Mysuru

Mrs. Munirathnamma K1, Mr.  Paramesha2, Mrs. Mamatha G3, Mrs. Dhanalakshmi N4

1Assistant Professor cum HOD of Obstetric and Gynecological Nursing Department, JSS College of Nursing, Mysuru

2Assistant Lecturer, Psychiatric Nursing Department, JSS College of Nursing, Mysuru

3Assistant Professor Medical Surgical Nursing Department, JSS College of Nursing, Mysuru

4Assistant Lecturer, Obstetric and Gynecological Nursing Department, JSS College of Nursing, Mysuru

Online published on 18 September, 2017.

Abstract

Background

Cancer is the most progressive and devastating disease posing a threat to the entire world despite significant advances in medical technology for its diagnosis and treatment.1 Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers among women worldwide, with highest mortality in India. The incidence and mortality of cervical cancer can be reduced by screening women for precancerous lesion and by administration of human papilloma virus vaccine to adolescent girls. Knowledge of the women about cervical cancer and awareness about its prevention are the key factors that determine their utilization of screening services.1

Aim

The aim of this study was to assess the HPV Vaccination status and to assess the effectiveness of structured teaching programme (STP) regarding cervical cancer and its prevention among adolescent girls in selected colleges at Mysuru.

Methodology

The study adopted one group pre test post test design. Using non probability convenience sampling technique, total of 60 samples were selected. Tool used to collect the data consisted of two part: Proforma for selected personal variables (07 items) and the structured knowledge questionnaire (30 items).

Results

Results revealed that none of adolescent girls were immunized with HPV vaccination and majority of adolescent girls did not have adequate knowledge regarding prevention of cervical cancer. There was statistically significant difference between the mean pre test and post test knowledge scores (t (59) =18.27) i.e., p<0.05 indicating that STP was an effective strategy to improve the knowledge of adolescent girls regarding cervical cancer and its prevention.

Conclusion

The present study has revealed that the awareness programmes regarding cervical cancer and its prevention will have positive influence on knowledge of adolescent girls.

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Keywords

Effectiveness, structured teaching programme, cervical cancer, knowledge.

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