A Study to assess the HPV Vaccination Status and to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme regarding Cervical Cancer and its Prevention among Adolescent girls in Selected Colleges at Mysuru
Cancer is the most progressive and devastating disease posing a threat to the entire world despite significant advances in medical technology for its diagnosis and treatment.1 Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers among women worldwide, with highest mortality in India. The incidence and mortality of cervical cancer can be reduced by screening women for precancerous lesion and by administration of human papilloma virus vaccine to adolescent girls. Knowledge of the women about cervical cancer and awareness about its prevention are the key factors that determine their utilization of screening services.1
The aim of this study was to assess the HPV Vaccination status and to assess the effectiveness of structured teaching programme (STP) regarding cervical cancer and its prevention among adolescent girls in selected colleges at Mysuru.
The study adopted one group pre test post test design. Using non probability convenience sampling technique, total of 60 samples were selected. Tool used to collect the data consisted of two part: Proforma for selected personal variables (07 items) and the structured knowledge questionnaire (30 items).
Results revealed that none of adolescent girls were immunized with HPV vaccination and majority of adolescent girls did not have adequate knowledge regarding prevention of cervical cancer. There was statistically significant difference between the mean pre test and post test knowledge scores (t (59) =18.27) i.e., p<0.05 indicating that STP was an effective strategy to improve the knowledge of adolescent girls regarding cervical cancer and its prevention.
The present study has revealed that the awareness programmes regarding cervical cancer and its prevention will have positive influence on knowledge of adolescent girls.
Effectiveness, structured teaching programme, cervical cancer, knowledge.