A Study to assess the Knowledge and Attitude regarding Restraints of Patients among Staff Nurses in Selected Psychiatric Hospitals in a View to Develop a Protocol
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Psychiatric facilities use medical interventions in the form of restraints to reduce safety risks posed by violent patients and to prevent patients from harming themselves and others.1The objective of the study were 1)To assess the existing knowledge of staff nurses regarding restraints of patients.2)To assess the level of attitude of staff nurses regarding restraints of patients.3)To co-relate knowledge and attitude of staff nurses regarding restraints of patients.4)To associate knowledge and attitude of staff nurses regarding restraints of patients with their selected demographic variables.5)To develop a protocol.
Non-Experimental Descriptive Correlation design was used. This study was conducted among 80 staff nurses.
The results revealed that majority 71(88.8%) of the staff nurses were having moderately adequate knowledge and 51 (63.8%) of them had moderately satisfactory attitude regarding restraints. The correlation between overall level of knowledge and attitude of staff nurses regarding restraints of patients revealed to be positive, that is r = 0.431 which is statistically highly significant at p<0.05and significant association of overall level of knowledge with selected demographic variables of staff nurses such as marital status, total year of experience, year of working experience in psychiatric ward, income per month at p<0.05 and attitude with selected demographic variables of staff nurses such as gender and monthly income at p <0.05.
The Nurses have moderate adequate knowledge and attitude so distributed the protocol regarding restraints of patients to improve the knowledge and attitude of nurses.
Knowledge, attitude, Staff Nurses, restraints, protocol.