Assessment of Self-Reported Health Status among Coronary Heart Disease Patients in Comparison with General Population in Selected Hospitals, Mangaluru
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The purpose of the study is to assess the self-reported health status among coronary heart disease patients in comparison with general population in selected hospitals at Mangaluru.
Coronary Heart Disease is now the leading cause of death worldwide. In India, estimated mortality rate from coronary heart disease in 2010 is 2250, 378 and the data suggests an increase of 2946, 268 in 2015. By 2020, cases of coronary artery disease are expected to rise in India by 120% in women and 137% in men. Coronary artery disease should now be considered as an important public health problem due to epidemiological transition characterized by changing lifestyle and a problem related to interplay of factors with regard to their existence, causality and attributes.
A quantitative non-experimental research approach was adopted to assess the self-reported health status among coronary heart disease patients in comparison with the general population in selected hospitals, Mangaluru. Purposive sampling technique was adopted to select 40 coronary artery disease patients and 40 general populations. Data was collected by using demographic proforma and EuroQol 5D, a standardized tool.
There was a very highly significant difference in the self-reported health status (χ22= 5.991, p<0.05; Z = 2.00, p<0.001) in terms of dimensions and VAS score [EuroQol 5D scores] between CHD patients and general population. There was a very highly significant difference between CHD patients and general population in terms of each dimensions, that is, mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain and anxiety/depression [p<0.001].
The findings demonstrated that CHD has a negative influence on patient reported health status. EuroQol 5D scores are impaired in CHD patients which suggest that the selfreported health status among CHD patients is poor when compared to the general population. CHD is associated with significant impairment of health-related quality of life and other patient reported health status.
Coronary Heart Disease patients, General population, EuroQol 5D.