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International Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2016, Volume : 4, Issue : 3
First page : ( 253) Last page : ( 270)
Print ISSN : 2347-8640. Online ISSN : 2454-2660.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2454-2660.2016.00048.X

Effectiveness of Self Instructional Module (SIM) on Knowledge Regarding Selected Aspects of Safe Motherhood among Primigravida Women in Selected Hospitals, Puducherry

Dr. Indra V.*

University of Hail, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

*Corresponding Author's Email:

Online published on 12 January, 2017.


Pregnancy is a special event. The labor and birth process is an exciting, anxiety provoking situation for the woman and her family. Hence, a study was conducted to assess the effect of self instructional module on knowledge regarding selected aspects of safe motherhood among primigravida women in selected hospitals, Puducherry with the objective to assess the existing level of knowledge, assess the effect of SIM on safe motherhood among primigravida women and associate the pre test level of knowledge with selected demographic variables. A quantitative evaluatory approach and pre-experimental one group pre test-post test was used. Purposive sampling technique was done to select 50 primigravida women. To collect the data structured questionnaire was administered followed by administration of SIM. On the 7th day the effectiveness of the SIM assessed by conducting post test. The statistical analysis of the data shows that the self instructional module was effective in improving knowledge as the ‘t’ value is 20.12 which is significant at p<0.01. After computation it depicts that the mean post test score is significantly higher than the mean pre-test score. So in the inference it reveals that the research hypothesis is accepted and null hypothesis is rejected. It signifies the association between the level of pre test knowledge with selected demographic variables like education and occupation.


  • To assess the existing level of knowledge regarding selected aspects of safe motherhood among primigravida women.

  • To evaluate the effect of SIM regarding safe motherhood in terms of gain in post test knowledge scores of primigravida when compare to their pre test scores.

  • To associate the level of knowledge with selected demographic variables among primigravida women regarding selected aspects of safe motherhood.


The research design adopted for this study is pre experimental design, of which one group pre-test-posttest design.


The study was conducted at various hospitals in Puducherry.


In this study, the samples are the primigravida women who were admitted to the antenatal wards of selected hospitals, Puducherry and also those who satisfy the inclusion criteria are included as samples in the study. The sample size was 50. The sampling technique used is Non-probability purposive sampling.


The researcher found that there was a significant improvement in knowledge of primigravida women after the administration of self instructional module on safe motherhood and there was significant association between levels of pre-test knowledge of primigravida women with selected demographic as educational status of the samples.


The present study shows that the most of the primigravida women had moderate knowledge. The difference between pre test and post test score revealed that self instructional module is very effective in improving knowledge of primigravida women. The pre test knowledge of safe motherhood is significantly associated with variables like education and occupational status of primigravida women, but there is no significant association between the pre test knowledge and age, family type, number of elder females in the family and age at marriage.



Safe motherhood; Self-instructional module.


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