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International Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2016, Volume : 4, Issue : 2
First page : ( 223) Last page : ( 226)
Print ISSN : 2347-8640. Online ISSN : 2454-2660.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2454-2660.2016.00044.2

Autism Spectrum Disorder-A Review

Mrs. Yadav Sarika*

Indian Nursing Council, SGT University, Gurgaon

*Corresponding Author Email: sarikayadav06@rediffmail.com

Online published on 1 October, 2016.

Abstract

Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are a group of developmental disabilities characterized by impairments in social interaction and communication and by restricted, repetitive, and stereotyped patterns of behaviour. Symptoms typically are apparent before age 3 years. The complex nature of these disorders, coupled with a lack of biologic markers for diagnosis and changes in clinical definitions over time, creates challenges in monitoring the prevalence of ASDs. Accurate reporting of data is essential to understand the prevalence of ASDs in the population and can help direct research. ASDs have increased in prevalence, leading to a demand for improved understanding of the comparative effectiveness of different pharmacologic, behavioural, medical and alternative treatments for children as well as systems for providing services.1

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Keywords

Autism, spectrum, developmental, disabilities, impairment.

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