Effectiveness of video assisted teaching programme on knowledge and practice regarding range of motion exercises among restricted mobile patients in orthopaedic wards at SC Hospital, Hassan.
*Corresponding Author Email: Prashma1989@gmail.com
Background and Objectives
Musculoskeletal problems affect hundreds of millions of people worldwide. Fractures account for a high percentage of traumatic injuries. An average of approximately 50% of the hospitalized individuals has mobility impairment. Prolonged immobilization and bed rest contribute to complications like joint stiffness which may lead to joint contracture, ligament tightening and limitation of function etc. To offset these complications associated with prolonged immobility, specific activity is required. Activities that the patient should include are range of motion exercises of unaffected joints. This study is aimed to assess the existing Knowledge and Practice regarding range of motion exercises, evaluate the effectiveness of VATP, find the correlation between Post test Knowledge and Practice scores and to find the association between the Post test Knowledge and Practice scores and demographic variables of restricted mobile patients.
An evaluative approach with one group Pre-test Post-test Pre-experimental design was used with purposive sampling technique to select the study sample (N=50) from orthopedic wards at SC hospital, Hassan. Data was collected by using structured interview schedule and observation checklist and analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistical techniques.
The data analysis revealed that the mean % of Post test Knowledge score (87.2%) was higher than that of Pre test Knowledge score (27.0%). The calculated paired ‘t’ test value (t= 24.71*) is greater than table value (p<0.05, 49df). Followed by the mean % of Post test Practice score (94.8%) was higher than that of Pre test Practice score (5.9%). The calculated paired ‘t’ test value (t= 59.87*) is greater than table value (p<0.05, 49df) which is suggestive of significance difference between mean Pre test and Post test Knowledge and Practice score. There exists a positive relationship between Knowledge and Practice (Correlation Coefficient = +0.768*) at 0.05 level of significance. Calculated χ2 value revealed significance association between age group and type of family of respondents and with their Post test Knowledge level and calculated χ2 value revealed significance association between gender of respondents and with their Post test Practice level.
Interpretation and Conclusion
The study concluded that the VATP regarding range of motion exercises was an effective method of enhancing the Knowledge and Practice of restricted mobile patients and this helped in the improvement of quality of life.
Effectiveness, VATP, Knowledge, Practice, Range of motion exercises, Restricted mobile patients.