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International Journal of Medical Research & Health Sciences
Year : 2014, Volume : 3, Issue : 3
First page : ( 597) Last page : ( 603)
Online ISSN : 2319-5886.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2319-5886.2014.00403.2

An assessment of nutritional status of children less than 3 years in rural areas of Mahottari district of Nepal

Yadav DK1,2*, Gupta N1, Shrestha N3

1Faculty of Health Sciences, Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Allahabad, India

2School of Health and Allied Sciences, Pokhara University, Nepal

3Valley College of Technical Sciences, Mahrajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal

*Corresponding author email: dipendrayadavph@gmail.com

Online published on 10 July, 2014.

Abstract

Background

More than one-fourth of under five children (about 150 million) are underweight while about onethird (182 million) are stunted. Geographically more than 70% of protein energy malnutrition children live in Asia, 26% in Africa and 4% in Latin America and the Caribbean2. Malnutrition among children is a public health problem in Nepal. Nepal Demography and Health Survey (NDHS, 2011) reported that 29% children are underweight, 41% stunted and 11% wasted.

Material and Methods

A base-line data were analyzed and prepared this article with objective was prevalence and its associated factors of stunting, underweight and wasting among children less than 3 years old from the study that was conducted a pre-post with controlled design conducted in Mahottari district of Nepal in 2012.

Results

In this study, Prevalence of wasting, stunting and underweight was 31.1%, 42.3% and 45% of children less than 3 years respectively. The study found that the prevalence of severe wasted and wasted were 18.2% and 12.9% respectively, while the prevalence of stunting and severe stunting status of children were 20.7% and 21.7% and the prevalence of underweight and severely underweight children were 20.2% and 24.9%.

Conclusions

Present study shows that the prevalence of malnutrition (underweight, stunting, and wasting) is still major health problems among children less than 3 years, particularly in the Central Terai region.

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Keywords

Stunting, Wasting, Underweight, Children.

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