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International Journal of Management and Development Studies
Year : 2015, Volume : 4, Issue : 4
First page : ( 356) Last page : ( 365)
Print ISSN : 2321-1423. Online ISSN : 2320-0685.

Landholding Structure among Social Groups in Karnataka: An Analysis of Agro-Climatic Zones

Patil Sanganagouda1,*, Sharada V.2

1Research Scholar, Department of Economics, Karnatak University, Dharwad

2Associate Professor, Department of Economics, Karnatak Arts college, Dharwad

*Corresponding author: Sanganagouda Patil can be contacted at: sanganagoudapatilhebbal@gmail.com

Online published on 11 June, 2019.

Abstract

Land as a productive asset plays an important role not only in the functioning of rural economy but also in changing fortunes of the families and socio-economic groups. Other things being equal, larger the control over land by a family or a group of relatively homogeneous set of families, larger is its socio-economic and political power. The growth in the Proportion of marginal holdings and the area operated by them increase through land markets and demographic growth the land transfer from lower to higher rungs of agrarian structure results in the growth of marginal holdings and landless agricultural labours and impoverishment at the bottom of agrarian structure. “Nowadays land ownership is considered to be one of the most important sources of livelihood and social status by the farmers land market operates largely through tenancy rather than outright sale or purchase”. An important issue is that whether the agrarian change characterized by growing number of small and marginal landholdings and declining land frontiers has brought about any changes in the occupational structure within and outside agriculture. There is increase in number of marginal SC farmers across arid, irrigated and coastal/hilly zones. In coastal/hilly zones, the percentage of increase in number of marginal farmers is high, it is around 45.91%. Across other size of landholdings, there is substantial decrease in the number of SC farmers. There is increase in number of marginal ST farmers across arid, irrigated and coastal/hilly zones. In coastal/hilly zones, the percentage of increase in number of marginal farmers is high, it is around 89.96%. Across small size of landholdings, there is increase in the number of ST farmers in arid and coastal/hilly zones. Across other caste, the number of marginal farmers has increased in across arid, semi-arid and coastal/hilly zones. In semi-arid zones, the percentage of increase in number of marginal farmers is high, it is around 21.64%. Across small size of landholdings, the number of other caste farmers has increased in all zones.

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Keywords

Size of Land Holdings, Agro-Climatic Zones, Land forms.

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