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Indian Journal of Mednodent and Allied Sciences
Year : 2018, Volume : 6, Issue : 2
First page : ( 66) Last page : ( 70)
Print ISSN : 2347-6192. Online ISSN : 2347-6206.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2347-6206.2018.00010.9

Evaluation of ABO blood groups in oral potentially malignant disorders and oral squamous cell carcinoma-a retrospective study in South Indian population

Poornima R.1, Shyam N.D.V.N.2,*, Kiran G.3, Vaishali N.4, Preethi P.1, Shobhita K.C.1

1Post Graduate, Department of Oral Pathology, Government Dental College and Hospital, Afzal Gunj, Hyderabad-500012, Telangana, India

2Professor and HOD, Department of Oral Pathology, Government Dental College and Hospital, Afzal Gunj, Hyderabad-500012, Telangana, India

3Associate Professor, Department of Oral Pathology, Government Dental College and Hospital, Afzal Gunj, Hyderabad-500012, Telangana, India

4Assistant Professor, Department of Oral Pathology, Government Dental College and Hospital, Afzal Gunj, Hyderabad-500012, Telangana, India

*Corresponding author email id: ndvnshyam@gmail.com

Online published on 24 August, 2018.

Abstract

Context

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) has a multifactorial aetiology. Risk factors such as individual's lifestyle like chronic use of tobacco, spicy food, alcohol and smoking are associated with cancer. Recent studies have revealed the possibility of ABO blood group antigens role in development of cancer.

Aims and objectives

To detect and correlate ABO blood group type in oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMDs) and OSCC and to compare the ABO blood group type among controls, OPMDs and OSCC.

Materials and methods

Study included 100 subjects, 35 cases each of OPMDs and OSCC and 30 controls. ABO blood grouping was carried out by standard agglutination method (Spanclone ARKRAY Health Care Private Limited) based on the principle of haemagglutination reaction.

Results

We found that OPMDs and OSCC subjects to be more prevalent among cases with B blood group. There was a significant variation in age (P=0.004), sex (P=0.004) and blood group (P= 0.003) among controls, OPMDs and OSCC.

Conclusion

ABO blood grouping may be used as one of the diagnostic marker for OPMDs and OSCC.

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Keywords

ABO blood groups, Leukoplakia, Oral potentially malignant disorders, Oral squamous cell carcinoma, Oral submucous fibrosis, Lichen planus, Haemagglutination.

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