Pattern of childhood injuries in a rural area of South India
According to World Health Organization Report 2002, injuries were the sixth leading cause of morbidity and mortality in childhood.
To assess the pattern of childhood injuries in the study area and to measure the injury rate among children under 18 years of age.
Cheralapally village of Nalgonda district of Andhra Pradesh.
Materials and Methods:
A community based retrospective study was conducted by involving141 households from 1480 households of the village, by systematic random sampling method. A total of 313 children in the selected households under 18 years of age, after obtaining informed consent from their parents, were enrolled in the study. A semi-structured questionnaire which was pretested was used to gather data by one-to-one interview of mother of the child.
Overall injury rate found to be 307 per 1000 child yrs. Significant number of subjects reported injury to lower limb 43 (44.8%).Open wound 41 (42.7%) was the commonest type of injury observed. Fall as mechanism of injury was reported by 72 (75%) subjects followed by Road traffic accidents (RTI) 12 (12.5%).
childhood injury pattern observed in the study exposes the vulnerability of children less than 18 years of age regarding injuries.
Childhood, Injury rate, Pattern.