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Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology
Year : 2019, Volume : 13, Issue : 1
First page : ( 314) Last page : ( 320)
Print ISSN : 0973-9122. Online ISSN : 0973-9130.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0973-9130.2019.00062.8

Effectiveness of Punica Granatum and Propolis: A New Dressing Method in Management of Diabetic Foot Ulceration

Al-Irayfawee Noor Sabry Hameed1, Al-Biatey Diaa K. A. A.2, Al-Mubarak Zainab A. H.3

1Department of Adult Nursing, Al-Najaf Al-Ashraf Health Directorate, Iraq

2Adult Nursing Department Faculty of Nursing University of Kufa

3Basic Science Department Faculty of Nursing University of Kufa

Online published on 8 February, 2019.


Propolis is a substance collected by honey bees from a plant's buds and exudates and consists mainly of resins, balsams, beeswax, essential oils, pollen and other organic compounds. Propolis, due to its antibacterial, antifungal and healing properties, has been extensively used in the health industry worldwide. Punica granatum is rich in phenolic compounds and is an important source of hydrolysable tannins, ellagitannins and allergic acid. In addition to the tannins, pomegranates also contain flavonoids, including flavones, flavone's and anthocyanin's. A Pre-Test/Post-Test Control Quazi Experimental Design is carried out through the present study in order to determine the effectiveness of the punica granatum and propolis extracts in healing diabetic foot ulceration. The period of the study last from October, 2017 to September, 2018. As the study hypothesis is formulated to predict a positive effect of the Punica granatum and the Propolis extract on the healing of the diabetic foot ulceration. So, based on the study findings, this effect is proved; and there is no sufficient evidence to accept the null hypothesis, otherwise the alternative hypothesis is accepted. It is concluded that it is significant to use the punica granatum and propolis extracts in management of diabetic foot ulcerations.



Punica Granatum, Propolis, Management of diabetic foot ulceration.


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