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Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology
Year : 2019, Volume : 13, Issue : 1
First page : ( 168) Last page : ( 171)
Print ISSN : 0973-9122. Online ISSN : 0973-9130.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0973-9130.2019.00034.3

Study of Craniocerebral Injuries in Chitradurga Region

Manjunatha K1, Chandan V2,*, Viswanathan K G3, Narasimhamurthy4

1Assistant Professor, Department of Forensic Medicine, Basaveshwara Medical College, Chitradurga

2Assistant Professor, Department of Forensic Medicine, Basaveshwara Medical College, Chitradurga

3Professor & Head, Department of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, Basaveshwara Medical College & Hospital, Chitradurga

4Associate Professor, Department of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, Basaveshwara Medical College & Hospital, Chitradurga

*Corresponding author: Dr. Chandan V Assistant Professor, Department of Forensic Medicine, Basaveshwara Medical College, Chitradurga

Online published on 8 February, 2019.

Abstract

Cranio-cerebral damage has been recognized since ages. Head injury as defined by the national advisory neurological diseases and stroke council, “is a morbid state, resulting from gross or subtle structural changes in the scalp, skull, and or the contents of the skull, produced by the mechanical forces”. Of all the regional injuries, Craniocerebral-injuries are the most important in Forensic practice, as the incidence and severity of head injuries are increasing with burgeoning industrialization and more rapid methods of transportation. Head injury is a major public health problem and has attained epidemic proportions in India2. The present study includes data over a period of 3 years (2 years retrospective and 1year prospective). This study includes 338 cases (118 prospective cases and 220 retrospective cases) of head injury. In retrospective analysis data were collected from the medical records. Road traffic accidents 256(75.74%) constitute the majority followed by 60(17.75%) are due to falls. 68(26.56%) of road traffic accident victims had history of alcohol consumption before the incident. 316(93.49%) cases survived and 22(6.51%) cases were dead. Head injuries due to assault were 20(5.92%) of which use of blunt weapon is more common 17(85%) cases followed by sharp weapon constitute 15% cases. Intracranial hemorrhages more common in road traffic accidents followed by falls from heights. Subdural hemorrhage was the commonest with 96(28.40%) cases followed by subarachnoid hemorrhage in 91(26.92%) cases. Extradural hemorrhages stand next with 72(21.30%) cases.

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Keywords

Road traffic accidents, Motorcycle riders, Subdural hemorrhage, Skull fractures.

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