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Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology
Year : 2019, Volume : 13, Issue : 1
First page : ( 139) Last page : ( 143)
Print ISSN : 0973-9122. Online ISSN : 0973-9130.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0973-9130.2019.00029.X

Comprehensive and Analytical Study of Medico Legal Autopsies at Tertiary Care Center

Kumar Boddupally Ravi1, Sheikh Nishat Ahmed2,*

1Assistant Professor of Forensic Medicine, ESIC Medical College, Sanathnagar, Hyderabad

2Professor & Head of Forensic Medicine, Jaipur National University, Institute for Medical Sciences and Research Center, Jaipur

*Author for Correspondence: Dr. Nishat Ahmed Sheikh MBBS, MD, CTM, DFME, DCSI. Professor and Head of Forensic Medicine, Department of Forensic Medicine Jaipur National University, Institute for Medical Sciences and Research Center, Jaipur, India. Contact No: + 91 9390058109, 9079911706. Email ID: drnishatsheikh@gmail.com

Online published on 8 February, 2019.



A medico legal autopsy will be required in criminal offence cases, when the death poses aspects of interest to the police, if the manner of death is unknown and if it is necessary to prevent later suspicion. Postmortem examination is a statutory requirement in all sudden, violent, unexplained, suspicious and litigious deaths.

Aim and Objectives

To study the gross postmortem findings in all Medico legal Autopsies.

Type of Study

Analytical prospective study.

Place of Study

Study was done by the upgraded department of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad.

Observation and Discussion

Preponderance of male sex (53.8%) is seen over female sex (33.4%) in known cases, maximum incidence of deaths are seen in the third decade of life as 24.9%, leading cause of death are head injuries (20.39%) followed by hanging (18.4%), burns (17.02%), multiple injuries (13.86%), poisoning (9.70%), majority of deaths caused by accidents (49.2%) followed by suicide (37.5%) and least by homicides (6.2%). Perception of autopsy findings in medico legal investigation has not only perspective value but also prospective value for future deliberations of criminology and criminalists.


Medico legal Autopsies form an integral and indispensible part of an investigation of a sudden suspicious death. The skills and experience of a Autopsy surgeon facilitate the law enforcement agencies in administration of justice and bring the guilty to the gallows.



Medico Legal Autopsy, Cause of Death, Manner of Death.


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