A Study on Histopathological Changes in Deaths due to Burns
*Corresponding author: Dr. Aadamali A Nadaf Associate Professor, Dept. Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences, Hubballi-580021, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Mob: +919449435376
Thermal burns are common next only to road traffic accidents in India. On an average, 1/4th of the deaths are due to burns of all postmortem examinations conducted. Mortality rate due to burns in India is much higher than any other developed county. Every year more than 2 million people sustain burns in India, most of which are treated as outdoor patients. About 2, 00, 000 are admitted in hospitals and 5, 000 die. The major cause of death in the burn patients includes multiple organ failure and infection. This can be understood better with pathological study of the victim's organs. Hence this study has been done an effort to identify the pathological changes in various organs of burn victims.
The present study was carried out in the Department of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, S N Medical College, Bagalkot, for one year from 1-1-2012 to 31-12-2012. A total of 48 cases with burn injuries brought to the mortuary for autopsy was studied tissues for histopathological examination were collected. From the present study it was observed that on histopathological examination congestion was the most common finding in lungs and liver. In the kidneys almost 1/3rd of the cases exhibited acute tubular necrosis. Curling's ulcer was seen in only one victim. Suprarenal gland, stomach, brain and kidneys were unaffected in the majority of cases.
Thermal burns, multiorgan failure, infection, histopathological examination.