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Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology
Year : 2019, Volume : 13, Issue : 1
First page : ( 46) Last page : ( 51)
Print ISSN : 0973-9122. Online ISSN : 0973-9130.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0973-9130.2019.00010.0

Study of Estimation of Stature from Head Height

Singh Satbir1,*, Nishu Vakil2, Kaur Balbir3, Kaur Taranpreet4

1Junior Resident, Department of Forensic Medicine, MMIMSR, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India

2Dental Surgeon, Department of Periodontics and Oral Implantology, Indira Gandhi, Govt. Dental College, Jammu J & K, India

3Professor, Department of Forensic Medicine NCMCH Israna, Panipat, Haryana, India

4Senior Resident, Department of Medicine, MMIMSR, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India

*Corresponding author: Dr. Satbir Singh Phone: +91-9992287260 Email: robinsingh64@gmail.com Address: House No. 64, Main Road, Preet Nagar, Jammu Pincode-180010

Online published on 8 February, 2019.

Abstract

Stature is an important anthropometric measurement for establishing the identification in both living as well as dead. Present study aims to estimate the stature from head height and aims to find whether there is any significant co-relation between the stature of an individual and the head height in different age groups of males and females and to derive a formula between head height and total height of an individual. The study participants were healthy Haryanvi population in the age group of 20 to 60 years including 100 males and 100 females. The subjects were selected from different socio economics backgrounds. All the subjects were measured for stature and head height. Head height was measured using Spreading caliper. Regression equation was derived for estimating stature from head height. Mean age of males was 36.63 11.31 and that of females was 35.53 9.99. Mean stature of males was 166.37±7.75 and that of females was 159.81±6.40. Mean±S.D. of head height in males was 9.53 0.93 and in females was 8.94 0.66. Correlation coefficient between stature and head height was found as 0.554 in general population and 0.512 for males and 0.429 for females. Regression equation was derived as Y = 116.41+5.04x for general population and Y= 120.88+3.99x for males and Y=137.64+1.52x for females (Y is stature and x is head height). There is a positive correlation between stature and Head height. Race and gender specific Regression equation are needed which can be used with fair degree of accuracy for the stature estimation.

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Keywords

Stature, Head Height, Spreading caliper.

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