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Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology
Year : 2019, Volume : 13, Issue : 1
First page : ( 4) Last page : ( 9)
Print ISSN : 0973-9122. Online ISSN : 0973-9130.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0973-9130.2019.00002.1

A Comparative Study on Cephalic and Facial Indices among Students from Southern Parts of India

Kumaran M Senthil1,*, Shrikanthan G2

1Assistant Professor, Department of Forensic Medicine, Aarupadai Veedu Medical College & Hospital, Puducherry, India

2Professor & Head, Department of Forensic Medicine, Aarupadai Veedu Medical College & Hospital, Puducherry, India

*Corresponding author: Dr. Senthil Kumaran M, Assistant Professor, Department of Forensic Medicine, Aarupadai Veedu Medical College & Hospital, Puducherry, India. Contact no: +91 8940355577 Email: senthilkumaran.mohanraj@avmc.edu.in

Online published on 8 February, 2019.

Abstract

Background

Craniofacial anthropometry deals with the dimensions of head and face. Based on these measurements race and sex can be determined.

Objective

To correlate the concurrence of the head and facial type, and to determine the predominant head and facial type in males and females from southern parts of India.

Materials and Method

A cross-sectional study was conducted among medical students in a Medical College Puducherry, India. A total of 195 subjects (105 males and 90 females), above 18 years were studied. Cephalic and facial indices of all the subjects were analyzed based on Martin & Saller method.

Results

There is no correlation between head types and facial types. However, Mesocephalic/medium head type was predominant in both males (44.76%) and females(48.89%) type. In the case of facial types, leptoprosopic/narrow face (30.48%) in males and hyper leptoprosopic/very narrow face (35.56%) was the most predominant in females.

Conclusion

This study not only appreciated the prevalence of the cephalic and facial phenotypes but also found the concurrence of both these phenotypes in males.

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Keywords

Cephalic index, facial index, head types, facial types, southern parts of India.

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