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Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology
Year : 2018, Volume : 12, Issue : 1
First page : ( 298) Last page : ( 303)
Print ISSN : 0973-9122. Online ISSN : 0973-9130.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0973-9130.2018.00058.0

Forensic Examination Findings among Child Victims in Pekanbaru, Indonesia (2010–2016)

Afandi Dedi1,*, Indrayana Mohammad Tegar1, Fatriah Syarifah Hidayah1, Nugraha Iriandanu2, Pangestu Muhammad Ridho Fiardhy2

1Forensic and Legal Medicine Department Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Riau

2Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Riau

*Corresponding Authors: Dedi Afandi, M.D., D.F.M., Forensic Medicine Specialist, Ph. D Associate Professor, Forensic and Legal Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, University Riau, Jl. Diponegoro 1, Pekanbaru, Riau, Indonesia Telp/Fax: +62-761-572725, Mobile: +62 811751976, E-mail: dediafandi4n6@gmail.com

Online published on 19 January, 2018.

Abstract

The role of forensic examination is very important to collect evidence on violence against children (VAC). To know the incidence of child victim, describe victim and forensic examination findings, we conducted retrospective study in Emergency Department Bhayangkara Hospital Pekanbaru. The medicolegal report of the child victims from January 2010 to December 2016 was reviewed. Out of 2071 child victims, two-third were physical assault. Average incidence number was 295.8 per year. Physical assault was more prevalent among boy (75.4%) with ratio 3.1. Sexual assault was predominant among girl (92.7%). Adolescent is main victims of child physical and sexual assault, diminishing with decrease age. Bruise and abrasion were more frequent found with head as common site. Almost boy has no abnormal finding on genital examination. Perianal examination showed no abnormal finding. Both of boy and girl have the same risk of becoming victims.

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Keywords

violence against children, physical assault, sexual assault, adolescent, forensic examination finding.

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