Forensic Examination Findings among Child Victims in Pekanbaru, Indonesia (2010–2016)
*Corresponding Authors: Dedi Afandi, M.D., D.F.M., Forensic Medicine Specialist, Ph. D Associate Professor, Forensic and Legal Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, University Riau, Jl. Diponegoro 1, Pekanbaru, Riau, Indonesia Telp/Fax: +62-761-572725, Mobile: +62 811751976, E-mail: email@example.com
The role of forensic examination is very important to collect evidence on violence against children (VAC). To know the incidence of child victim, describe victim and forensic examination findings, we conducted retrospective study in Emergency Department Bhayangkara Hospital Pekanbaru. The medicolegal report of the child victims from January 2010 to December 2016 was reviewed. Out of 2071 child victims, two-third were physical assault. Average incidence number was 295.8 per year. Physical assault was more prevalent among boy (75.4%) with ratio 3.1. Sexual assault was predominant among girl (92.7%). Adolescent is main victims of child physical and sexual assault, diminishing with decrease age. Bruise and abrasion were more frequent found with head as common site. Almost boy has no abnormal finding on genital examination. Perianal examination showed no abnormal finding. Both of boy and girl have the same risk of becoming victims.
violence against children, physical assault, sexual assault, adolescent, forensic examination finding.