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Indian Journal of Economics and Development
Year : 2019, Volume : 15, Issue : 3
First page : ( 449) Last page : ( 454)
Print ISSN : 2277-5412. Online ISSN : 2322-0430.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2322-0430.2019.00056.8

Common Property Resource as a Means of Livelihood under Watershed Development Project in a Hill Village of Manipur

Yumlembam Janee1,*, Singh Y. Chakrabarty2, Nandi A.K.3

1Assistant Professor, Faculty of Agriculture, Arunachal University of Studies, Namsai-792103 (Arunachal Pradesh)

2Professor and Head, Department of Agricultural Economics, College of Agriculture, Central Agricultural University Iroisemba, Imphal-795001 (Manipur)

3Professor, Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Mohanpur, Nadia-741252 (West Bengal)

*Corresponding author's email: jane15pooh@gmail.com

JEL Codes Q12, Q20, R20.

Online published on 4 October, 2019.


The paper examines common property resource (CPR) such as village common land of the Watershed village Mongneljang in Senapati district of Manipur as a source of livelihood. The village as a watershed area with the aid of IWMP initiated various activities which serve as a source of livelihood for the villagers. A watershed is a total land and water area from where the rainfallrunoff drains into any water body, be it a stream, a river, lake or ocean. It may be a nearly flat area or include hills or mountains. Under the project, management of watershed which is the process of guiding and organizing the use of land and other resources in the watershed to provide desired goods and services without affecting soil and water resources. The paper analyses income and employment generation through CPR based activities, household participation, women participation and wage earnings. Descriptive statistics were employed for analysing the data. The identified activities operated on the village common land were horticultural activities, agricultural activities, vermicomposting, beekeeping, dairy farming, piggery, and nursery raising. Women members of the village were no less than their male counterparts. Their role in earning a living through the watershed development project was established. They were engaged in afforestation, horticultural, piggery, and nursery raising and also in Jhum cultivation. Under the project part of village common land (12.75 ha) has been brought into utilization for income generation. Income from CPR was 1.08 lakh per household on an average. CPR activity under Watershed Development Project gave employment to 56 females in the village with an annual wage ranging from 1562.50 to 3000.



Common property resource, household income and employment, wage earning, watershed.


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