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Indian Journal of Economics and Development
Year : 2019, Volume : 15, Issue : 2
First page : ( 216) Last page : ( 224)
Print ISSN : 2277-5412. Online ISSN : 2322-0430.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2322-0430.2019.00026.X

Tracking the Performance of Wheat Production in Uttar Pradesh

Balaganesh G.1,*, Makarabbi Gururaj1, Sendhil R.2

1Division of Dairy Economics, Statistics and Management (DES&M), ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI), Karnal-132 001, Haryana, India

2ICAR-Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research (IIWBR), Karnal-132 001, Haryana, India

*Corresponding author's email: balaganesh.agri@gmail.com

JEL Codes C81, O13, Q16, Y10.

Online published on 4 July, 2019.


Uttar Pradesh is the largest wheat growing and producing a state in India and undergone rapid strides since the green revolution. The present paper tracks the performance of wheat production in Uttar Pradesh based on the secondary data for 70 districts (1998–99 to 2014–15). Compound annual growth rate, instability indices, efficiency gap and Gini inequality index were computed to analyse the performance trend. Findings indicated that wheat area registered an increasing trend, while production and productivity had irregular trends over the years. A large number of districts in the area (36), production (36) and productivity (30) were found under positive growth coupled with low instability which is a good indicator of performance. Conversely, the next majority of districts were registered under positive growth-high instability quadrant in productivity (26) and production (20), which warrants for appropriate strategies in terms of risk management. All the selected variables showed an increase in variation over the years. However, relatively high variation and inequality were observed in productivity and production, respectively, in comparison to the area. District level differences in productivity led to performance gaps in Uttar Pradesh. The study suggested for formulating new research and policy interventions followed by regional prioritization for additional wheat production as well as improving the crop acreage.



Efficiency gap, growth, inequality, instability.


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