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Indian Journal of Economics and Development
Year : 2019, Volume : 15, Issue : 2
First page : ( 177) Last page : ( 185)
Print ISSN : 2277-5412. Online ISSN : 2322-0430.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2322-0430.2019.00022.2

Multidimensional Poverty Index: An Analysis of Tamil Nadu

Gayathri R.1, Rajagopal N.2,*

1Post Graduate Student, Department of Economics, Central University of Tamil Nadu, Neelakudy, Thiruvarur-610 005 (Tamil Nadu)

2Associate Professor, Department of Economics, Central University of Tamil Nadu, Neelakudy, Thiruvarur-610 005 (Tamil Nadu)

*Corresponding author's email: rajagopal.sstm@gmail.com

JEL Codes I32, O01, 010

Online published on 4 July, 2019.

Abstract

The broad objective of the present study was to construct the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) for each district of Tamil Nadu and make a comparative analysis. The study also looked MPI from sector wise (rural and urban) and between social groups. The fourth round of District Level Household and Facility Survey (DLHS-4) used as a data set. The study used Alkire and Foster methodology was used for calculating MPI. The study highlights the severity of poverty in the few districts of the State. Chennai district tops in the index and Ramanathapuram as one of the backward districts; the backwardness in the rural areas was one of the major reasons for the low ranking of MPI in many districts, and the poverty differs within social groups in the State. The study provides directions to the policymakers to frame different strategies for addressing poverty-related issues in terms of improving the development indicators such as education, health and standard of living. The results of the study can be compared with other indexes such as the Human Development Index (HDI) for concrete future policy measures.

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Keywords

Multidimensional poverty index (MPI), poverty, social groups.

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