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Indian Journal of Contemporary Dentistry
Year : 2013, Volume : 1, Issue : 2
First page : ( 29) Last page : ( 33)
Print ISSN : 2320-5806. Online ISSN : 2320-5962.
Article DOI : 10.5958/j.2320-5962.1.2.027

Comparative Evaluation of Prevalence of Periodontal Disease in Smokers and Non-smokers in Factory Workers of Jodhpur, Rajasthan

Solanki Jitender1,*, Dundappa Jyothi2, Gupta Sarika3, Aneja Parul4, Gupta Aarti5

1Senior Lecturer, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Vyas Dental College and Hospital, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India

2Reader, Department of Periodontics and Oral Implantology, Surendera Dental College and Hospital, Sri Ganganagar, Rajasthan, India

32nd Year Post Graduate Student, Vyas Dental College and Hospital, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India

4Senior Lecturer, Department of Periodontics and Oral Implantology, Surendera Dental College and Hospital, Sri Ganganagar, Rajasthan, India

5Medical Officer, Civil Hospital, Hoshiarpur, Punjab, India

*Corresponding author: Jitender Solanki, Senior Lecturer, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Vyas Dental College and Hospital, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India. Ph:+919571580558, E-mail:solankijitender@gmail.com

Online published on 9 September, 2013.

Abstract

Need For The Study

Increasing evidence points to smoking as a major risk factor for periodontitis, affecting the prevalence, extent and severity of the disease, Although gingival inflammation seems to be reduced in response to plaque accumulation compared with non smokers, an overwhelming body of data points to smoking as a major risk factor for increasing the prevalence and destruction. Hence, this paper focuses on prevalence of periodontal disease in smokers compared to non-smokers of factory workers.

Aims & Objectives

  1. To detect the prevalence of periodontal disease in smokers and non smokers.

  2. To compare the prevalence of periodontal disease in smokers and non smokers.

Methodology

A total number of 626 subjects were examined out of which 449 (71.7%) were non smokers and 177 (28.2%) smokers. The WHO (1997) Oral Health Performa3 was used to record the demographic information viz; age in years, education, life style and smoking habits. All fully erupted permanent teeth were scored. The Periodontal status was assessed by recording the Community Periodontal Index (CPI) using a specially designed light weight CPI probe and the Clinical Attachment Level (CAL) values were scored The data thus collected was statistically analyzed for Two-Way ANOVA test for CPI and CAL scores.

Results

Clinical attachment loss was significantly higher in smokers for all scores from 1 to 4.107 smokers showed clinical attachment loss in comparison to 173 non smokers.

Conclusion

The results of the present study showed that smokers had higher attachment loss as compared to non smokers.

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Keywords

Smoking, Periodontal Disease, Clinical Attachment Level, Community Periodontal Index.

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