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Indian Journal of Animal Research
Year : 2020, Volume : 54, Issue : 2
First page : ( 173) Last page : ( 176)
Print ISSN : 0367-6722. Online ISSN : 0976-0555.
Article DOI : 10.18805/ijar.B-3750

Effect of claw disorders on haemato-biochemical parameters and acute phase protein levels in crossbred cattle

Dogra S., Singh R.*, Ravinder S., Tikoo A.

Division of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, R.S. Pura-181 102, Jammu and Kashmir, India

*Corresponding Author: R. Singh, Division of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, R.S. Pura-181 102, Jammu, India. Email: rajivrajiv101@gmail.com

Online published on 29 February, 2020.

Abstract

To evaluate the effect of lameness associated with claw disorders on haemato-biochemical and acute phase protein levels, 34 crossbred dairy cattle were selected from 11 dairy farms. Lame animals were categorized based on locomotion score, hoof lesions and severity of disease. Significant (p<0.05) decrease in Hb, PCV, TEC and lymphocyte count with significant increase in neutrophil count was recorded among animals suffering from various claw disorders. Similar trend was observed in animals showing varying locomotion score, lesions and duration of lameness. Biochemical analysis revealed significant (p<0.05) increase in AST, ALT, TPP and globulin among lame animals. Overall average values of haptoglobin, CRP and fibrinogen among the lame animals were 924.59± 59.13μg/ml, 65.00± 1.98μg/ml and 8.75± 0.51mg/dl compared with 607.02± 49.13μg/ml, 13.79± 0.80μg/ml and 2.78± 0.17mg/dl among healthy animals, respectively. Study concluded that lameness due to claw disorders is associated with a systemic acute phase response as significant (p<0.05) increase in levels of fibrinogen, Hp and CRP was observed.

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Keywords

Acute phase protein, Claw disorders, Crossbred cattle, Haematology, Lameness.

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